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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 536; doi:10.3390/su10020536

Recent Progress in Perennial Buckwheat Development

Research Center of Buckwheat Industry Technology, Guizhou Normal University, Baoshan Beilu 116, Guiyang 550001, Guizhou, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 January 2018 / Revised: 9 February 2018 / Accepted: 13 February 2018 / Published: 17 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Strategies, Advances and Challenges of Breeding Perennial Grain Crops)
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Grains in the genus Fagopyrum have benefits to human health and are an excellent gluten-free raw material. Of all cereal foods, this genus has the highest total content of amino-acid nutrients necessary for humans; nutrients that are resistant to digestion (protein and starch) resulting in their sustained release; higher dietary fiber content than key cereals, and is rich in a special healthy ingredient (flavonoids). Fagopyrum includes 24 species of which five are perennial. Among them, golden buckwheat (F.cymosum complex) is the most important perennial buckwheat, which is not only used in Chinese medicine, but also has great potential in healthy food crop. In order to provide some clues for perennial crop studies and their industry development, this paper presents the state of perennial buckwheat research in terms of taxonomy; natural chemical products and pharmacological and health functions; genetics and evolution; breeding; and product development and utilization. The great advances such as successful interspecific crossing and its subsequent new perennial buckwheat varieties will speed up the development of the perennial buckwheat industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: golden buckwheat; taxonomy; genetics and breeding; natural chemical products; health functions; product development and utilization golden buckwheat; taxonomy; genetics and breeding; natural chemical products; health functions; product development and utilization

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Chen, Q.-F.; Huang, X.-Y.; Li, H.-Y.; Yang, L.-J.; Cui, Y.-S. Recent Progress in Perennial Buckwheat Development. Sustainability 2018, 10, 536.

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