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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 132; doi:10.3390/su10010132

Measuring International Migration in Azerbaijan

1
School of Business, İstanbul Medipol University, Kavacık Mah. Ekinciler Cad. No. 19 Kavacık Kavşağı—Beykoz, İstanbul 34810, Turkey
2
Department of Economics and Management, Khazar University, Mehseti Str. 41, Baku AZ1096, Azerbaijan
3
Department of Economics and Management, Azerbaijan State University of Economics (UNEC), Istiqlaliyyat Str. 6, Baku AZ1141, Azerbaijan
4
Department of International Relations, Baku Engineering University, Hasan Aliyev 120, Khirdalan AZ0101, Azerbaijan
5
Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Husein Javid Avenue 115, Baku AZ1096, Azerbaijan
6
King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center, P.O. Box 88550, Riyadh 11672, Saudi Arabia
7
Department of Statistics, Azerbaijan State University of Economics (UNEC), Istiqlaliyyat Str. 6, Baku AZ1141, Azerbaijan
8
International Border Management Unit, International Organization for Migration Mission in Azerbaijan, Baku AZ1096, Azerbaijan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2017 / Revised: 31 December 2017 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
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Abstract

International migration significantly affects economic, social, cultural, and political factors of the country. Owing to this situation, it can be said that the reasons of international migration should be analyzed in order to control this problem. The purpose of this study is to determine the influencing factors of international migration in Azerbaijan. In this scope, annual data of 11 explanatory variables for the period of 1995–2015 was analyzed via Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) method. According to the results of this analysis, it was identified that people prefer to move other countries in case of high unemployment rates. In addition, the results of the study show that population growth and high mortality rate increases the migration level. While considering these results, it was recommended that Azerbaijan should focus on these aspects to control international migration problem. View Full-Text
Keywords: migration; international migration; determinants of migration; MARS method; Azerbaijan migration; international migration; determinants of migration; MARS method; Azerbaijan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yüksel, S.; Mukhtarov, S.; Mahmudlu, C.; Mikayilov, J.I.; Iskandarov, A. Measuring International Migration in Azerbaijan. Sustainability 2018, 10, 132.

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