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Future Internet 2017, 9(1), 8; doi:10.3390/fi9010008 (registering DOI)

Designing a Softwarized Network Deployed on a Fleet of Drones for Rural Zone Monitoring

Department of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics Engineering—University of Catania, Catania 95125, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Luca Chiaraviglio, William Liu, Jaap Van de Beek and Filip Idzikowski
Received: 9 January 2017 / Revised: 16 February 2017 / Accepted: 13 March 2017 / Published: 20 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Communications and Computing for Sustainable Development Goals)
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Abstract

In the last decade, the differences in the information communication technology (ICT) infrastructures between urban and rural areas have registered a tremendous increase. ICT infrastructures could strongly help rural communities where many operations are time consuming, labor-intensive and expensive due to limited access and large distances to cover. One of the most attractive solutions, which is widely recognized as promising for filling this gap, is the use of drone fleets. In this context, this paper proposes a video monitoring platform as a service (VMPaaS) for wide rural areas not covered by Internet access. The platform is realized with a Software-Defined Network (SDN)/Network Functions Virtualization (NFV)-based flying ad-hoc network (FANET), whose target is providing a flexible and dynamic connectivity backbone, and a set of drones equipped with high-resolution cameras, each transmitting a video stream of a portion of the considered area. After describing the architecture of the proposed platform, service chains to realize the video delivery service are described, and an analytical model is defined to evaluate the computational load of the platform nodes in such a way so as to allow the network orchestrator to decide the backbone drones where running the virtual functions, and the relative resources to be allocated. Numerical analysis is carried out in a case study. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital divide; fleet of drones; video monitoring; software-defined networks (SDNs); network functions virtualization (NFV); quality of service (QoS); analytical models; performance evaluation digital divide; fleet of drones; video monitoring; software-defined networks (SDNs); network functions virtualization (NFV); quality of service (QoS); analytical models; performance evaluation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rametta, C.; Schembra, G. Designing a Softwarized Network Deployed on a Fleet of Drones for Rural Zone Monitoring. Future Internet 2017, 9, 8.

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