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Future Internet 2017, 9(2), 12; doi:10.3390/fi9020012

Spectrum and Energy Efficiency of Uplink Massive MIMO System with D2D Underlay

College of Automation and Electrical Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
Received: 7 March 2017 / Revised: 7 April 2017 / Accepted: 12 April 2017 / Published: 13 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Communications and Computing for Sustainable Development Goals)
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In this paper, both the spectrum efficiency (SE) and the energy efficiency (EE) are investigated for an uplink massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system coexisting with an underlay device-to-device (D2D) system. The outage probability and the achievable rates of the cellular user equipments (CUEs) and the D2D link are derived in closed-form, respectively. Constrained by the SE of the D2D link and the CUEs, the EE of the massive MIMO system is maximized by jointly optimizing the transmit power of CUEs and the number of BS antennas. An algorithm with low complexity is proposed to solve the optimization problem. Performance results are provided to validate our derived closed-from results and verify the efficiency of our proposed scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: device-to-device; energy efficiency; massive MIMO; spectrum efficiency; outage probability device-to-device; energy efficiency; massive MIMO; spectrum efficiency; outage probability

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, X. Spectrum and Energy Efficiency of Uplink Massive MIMO System with D2D Underlay. Future Internet 2017, 9, 12.

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