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Future Internet 2015, 7(4), 465-483;

Dynamic Load Balancing Strategy for Cloud Computing with Ant Colony Optimization

1,* and 2,3
School of Information Engineering, Hubei University of Economics, Wuhan 430205, China
Department of Geography, National University of Singapore Arts Link, Singapore 117570, Singapore
ZTE ICT Technologies Co. Ltd., ZTE Corporation, Shenzhen 518057, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xiaolong Li
Received: 22 September 2015 / Revised: 9 November 2015 / Accepted: 11 November 2015 / Published: 26 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internet of Things)
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How to distribute and coordinate tasks in cloud computing is a challenging issue, in order to get optimal resource utilization and avoid overload. In this paper, we present a novel approach on load balancing via ant colony optimization (ACO), for balancing the workload in a cloud computing platform dynamically. Two strategies, forward-backward ant mechanism and max-min rules, are introduced to quickly find out the candidate nodes for load balancing. We formulate pheromone initialization and pheromone update according to physical resources under the cloud computing environment, including pheromone evaporation, incentive, and punishment rules, etc. Combined with task execution prediction, we define the moving probability of ants in two ways, that is, whether the forward ant meets the backward ant, or not, in the neighbor node, with the aim of accelerating searching processes. Simulations illustrate that the proposed strategy can not only provide dynamic load balancing for cloud computing with less searching time, but can also get high network performance under medium and heavily loaded contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: load balancing; cloud computing; ant colony optimization; swarm intelligence load balancing; cloud computing; ant colony optimization; swarm intelligence

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gao, R.; Wu, J. Dynamic Load Balancing Strategy for Cloud Computing with Ant Colony Optimization. Future Internet 2015, 7, 465-483.

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