Future Internet 2014, 6(1), 109-125; doi:10.3390/fi6010109
Article

Crowdsourcing as a Tool for Knowledge Acquisition in Spatial Planning

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Received: 21 November 2013; in revised form: 16 January 2014 / Accepted: 10 February 2014 / Published: 5 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue NeoGeography and WikiPlanning 2014)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The term “crowdsourcing” was initially introduced by Howe in his article “The Rise of Crowdsourcing” [1]. During the last few years, crowdsourcing has become popular among companies, institutions and universities, as a crowd-centered modern “tool” for problem solving. Crowdsourcing is mainly based on the idea of an open-call publication of a problem, requesting the response of the crowd for reaching the most appropriate solution. The focus of this paper is on the role of crowdsourcing in knowledge acquisition for planning applications. The first part provides an introduction to the origins of crowdsourcing in knowledge generation. The second part elaborates on the concept of crowdsourcing, while some indicative platforms supporting the development of crowdsourcing applications are also described. The third part focuses on the integration of crowdsourcing with certain web technologies and GIS (Geographic Information Systems), for spatial planning applications, while in the fourth part, a general framework of the rationale behind crowdsourcing applications is presented. Finally, the fifth part focuses on a range of case studies that adopted several crowdsourcing techniques.
Keywords: crowdsourcing; public participation; GIS-PPGIS; problem solving process; knowledge acquisition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Papadopoulou, C.-A.; Giaoutzi, M. Crowdsourcing as a Tool for Knowledge Acquisition in Spatial Planning. Future Internet 2014, 6, 109-125.

AMA Style

Papadopoulou C-A, Giaoutzi M. Crowdsourcing as a Tool for Knowledge Acquisition in Spatial Planning. Future Internet. 2014; 6(1):109-125.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Papadopoulou, Chrysaida-Aliki; Giaoutzi, Maria. 2014. "Crowdsourcing as a Tool for Knowledge Acquisition in Spatial Planning." Future Internet 6, no. 1: 109-125.

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