Future Internet 2012, 4(4), 1037-1048; doi:10.3390/fi4041037

Textual Dualism and Augmented Reality in the Russian Empire

Received: 16 August 2012; in revised form: 6 November 2012 / Accepted: 5 December 2012 / Published: 10 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Theorizing the Web 2012)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: While the current focus on how digital technology alters our conception of the self and its place in the broader perceived reality yields fascinating insight into modern issues, there is much to be gained by analyzing the presence of dualist and augmented reality discourses in a pre-digital era. This essay will examine the ontological interplay of textual dualist norms in the Russian and Soviet states of the 19th and early 20th centuries and how those norms were challenged by augmented claims embodied in rumors, refrains, and the spelling of names. By utilizing the informational concepts of mobility and asynchronicity, three Russian historical vignettes—the Emancipation of the Serfs in 1861, the documentation of Jews in Imperial Russia, and the attempts by Trotsky to realize Soviet symchka—demonstrate that not only are dualist discourses prevalent in periods outside of the contemporary, but also that the way in which those conflicts framed themselves in the past directly influences their deployment in today’s digital world.
Keywords: digital dualism; augmented reality; textual dualism; imperial Russian history; rumor; mobility; asynchronicity; peasants; Jews; Soviet history
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MDPI and ACS Style

Antley, J. Textual Dualism and Augmented Reality in the Russian Empire. Future Internet 2012, 4, 1037-1048.

AMA Style

Antley J. Textual Dualism and Augmented Reality in the Russian Empire. Future Internet. 2012; 4(4):1037-1048.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antley, Jeremy. 2012. "Textual Dualism and Augmented Reality in the Russian Empire." Future Internet 4, no. 4: 1037-1048.

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