Pharmaceutics 2011, 3(3), 538-571; doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics3030538
Review

The Application of Microencapsulation Techniques in the Treatment of Endodontic and Periodontal Diseases

1,* email, 2email and 1,2email
Received: 5 July 2011; in revised form: 9 August 2011 / Accepted: 24 August 2011 / Published: 26 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microencapsulation Technology Applied to Pharmaceutics)
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Abstract: In the treatment of intracanal and periodontal infections, the local application of antibiotics and other therapeutic agents in the root canal or in periodontal pockets may be a promising approach to achieve sustained drug release, high antimicrobial activity and low systemic side effects. Microparticles made from biodegradable polymers have been reported to be an effective means of delivering antibacterial drugs in endodontic and periodontal therapy. The aim of this review article is to assess recent therapeutic strategies in which biocompatible microparticles are used for effective management of periodontal and endodontic diseases. In vitro and in vivo studies that have investigated the biocompatibility or efficacy of certain microparticle formulations and devices are presented. Future directions in the application of microencapsulation techniques in endodontic and periodontal therapies are discussed.
Keywords: microencapsulation; periodontal diseases; endodontic failure; periodontal pocket; root canal; controlled release
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Álvarez, A.L.; Espinar, F.O.; Méndez, J.B. The Application of Microencapsulation Techniques in the Treatment of Endodontic and Periodontal Diseases. Pharmaceutics 2011, 3, 538-571.

AMA Style

Álvarez AL, Espinar FO, Méndez JB. The Application of Microencapsulation Techniques in the Treatment of Endodontic and Periodontal Diseases. Pharmaceutics. 2011; 3(3):538-571.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Álvarez, Asteria Luzardo; Espinar, Francisco Otero; Méndez, José Blanco. 2011. "The Application of Microencapsulation Techniques in the Treatment of Endodontic and Periodontal Diseases." Pharmaceutics 3, no. 3: 538-571.


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