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Viruses 2016, 8(12), 324; doi:10.3390/v8120324

Capsule-Targeting Depolymerase, Derived from Klebsiella KP36 Phage, as a Tool for the Development of Anti-Virulent Strategy

1
Institute of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Wroclaw, Przybyszewskiego 63/77, 51-148 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Research Council, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Naples, Italy
3
Laboratory of Gene Technology, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 21, box 2462, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
4
Department of Microbiology and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300S Copenhagen, Denmark
5
World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Escherichia and Klebsiella, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300S Copenhagen, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tessa E.F. Quax, Matthias G. Fischer and Laurent Debarbieux
Received: 22 September 2016 / Revised: 17 November 2016 / Accepted: 23 November 2016 / Published: 1 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses of Microbes)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4352 KB, uploaded 1 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

The rise of antibiotic-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, a leading nosocomial pathogen, prompts the need for alternative therapies. We have identified and characterized a novel depolymerase enzyme encoded by Klebsiella phage KP36 (depoKP36), from the Siphoviridae family. To gain insights into the catalytic and structural features of depoKP36, we have recombinantly produced this protein of 93.4 kDa and showed that it is able to hydrolyze a crude exopolysaccharide of a K. pneumoniae host. Using in vitro and in vivo assays, we found that depoKP36 was also effective against a native capsule of clinical K. pneumoniae strains, representing the K63 type, and significantly inhibited Klebsiella-induced mortality of Galleria mellonella larvae in a time-dependent manner. DepoKP36 did not affect the antibiotic susceptibility of Klebsiella strains. The activity of this enzyme was retained in a broad range of pH values (4.0–7.0) and temperatures (up to 45 °C). Consistently, the circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy revealed a highly stability with melting transition temperature (Tm) = 65 °C. In contrast to other phage tailspike proteins, this enzyme was susceptible to sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) denaturation and proteolytic cleavage. The structural studies in solution showed a trimeric arrangement with a high β-sheet content. Our findings identify depoKP36 as a suitable candidate for the development of new treatments for K. pneumoniae infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacteriophage; Klebsiella sp.; capsule; polysaccharide depolymerase bacteriophage; Klebsiella sp.; capsule; polysaccharide depolymerase
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Majkowska-Skrobek, G.; Łątka, A.; Berisio, R.; Maciejewska, B.; Squeglia, F.; Romano, M.; Lavigne, R.; Struve, C.; Drulis-Kawa, Z. Capsule-Targeting Depolymerase, Derived from Klebsiella KP36 Phage, as a Tool for the Development of Anti-Virulent Strategy. Viruses 2016, 8, 324.

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