The Use of Convalescent Sera in Immune-Electron Microscopy to Detect Non-Suspected/New Viral Agents
AbstractNegative staining electron microscopy methods can be employed for the diagnosis of viral particles in animal samples. In fact, negative staining electron microscopy methods are used to identify viruses, especially in minor species and wild animals, when no other methods are available and in cases of rare, emerging or re-emerging infections. In particular, immune-electron-microscopy with convalescent sera is employed to detect etiological agents when there are undiagnosed clinical outbreaks, when alternative diagnostic methods fail due to the lack of immunological reagents and primers, and when there is no indicative clinical suspect. An overview of immune-electron-microscopy with convalescent sera’s use in the diagnosis of new and unsuspected viruses in animals of domestic and wild species is provided through the descriptions of the following four diagnostic veterinary cases: (I) enteric viruses of pigs: Porcine Rotavirus, Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus, Porcine Circovirus and Porcine Torovirus; (II) Rotavirus and astrovirus in young turkeys with enteritis; (III) Parvovirus-like particles in pheasants; and (IV) Lagoviruses: Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus and European Brown Hare Syndrome Virus. View Full-Text
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Lavazza, A.; Tittarelli, C.; Cerioli, M. The Use of Convalescent Sera in Immune-Electron Microscopy to Detect Non-Suspected/New Viral Agents. Viruses 2015, 7, 2683-2703.
Lavazza A, Tittarelli C, Cerioli M. The Use of Convalescent Sera in Immune-Electron Microscopy to Detect Non-Suspected/New Viral Agents. Viruses. 2015; 7(5):2683-2703.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lavazza, Antonio; Tittarelli, Cristiana; Cerioli, Monica. 2015. "The Use of Convalescent Sera in Immune-Electron Microscopy to Detect Non-Suspected/New Viral Agents." Viruses 7, no. 5: 2683-2703.