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Viruses 2014, 6(6), 2340-2375; doi:10.3390/v6062340

Viral Oncolysis — Can Insights from Measles Be Transferred to Canine Distemper Virus?

Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, 30559 Hannover, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this paper.
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Received: 27 March 2014 / Revised: 3 June 2014 / Accepted: 4 June 2014 / Published: 11 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Morbillivirus Infections)
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Abstract

Neoplastic diseases represent one of the most common causes of death among humans and animals. Currently available and applied therapeutic options often remain insufficient and unsatisfactory, therefore new and innovative strategies and approaches are highly needed. Periodically, oncolytic viruses have been in the center of interest since the first anecdotal description of their potential usefulness as an anti-tumor treatment concept. Though first reports referred to an incidental measles virus infection causing tumor regression in a patient suffering from lymphoma several decades ago, no final treatment concept has been developed since then. However, numerous viruses, such as herpes-, adeno- and paramyxoviruses, have been investigated, characterized, and modified with the aim to generate a new anti-cancer treatment option. Among the different viruses, measles virus still represents a highly interesting candidate for such an approach. Numerous different tumors of humans including malignant lymphoma, lung and colorectal adenocarcinoma, mesothelioma, and ovarian cancer, have been studied in vitro and in vivo as potential targets. Moreover, several concepts using different virus preparations are now in clinical trials in humans and may proceed to a new treatment option. Surprisingly, only few studies have investigated viral oncolysis in veterinary medicine. The close relationship between measles virus (MV) and canine distemper virus (CDV), both are morbilliviruses, and the fact that numerous tumors in dogs exhibit similarities to their human counterpart, indicates that both the virus and species dog represent a highly interesting translational model for future research in viral oncolysis. Several recent studies support such an assumption. It is therefore the aim of the present communication to outline the mechanisms of morbillivirus-mediated oncolysis and to stimulate further research in this potentially expanding field of viral oncolysis in a highly suitable translational animal model for the benefit of humans and dogs. View Full-Text
Keywords: canine distemper virus; measles virus; tumor treatment; viral oncolysis canine distemper virus; measles virus; tumor treatment; viral oncolysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lapp, S.; Pfankuche, V.M.; Baumgärtner, W.; Puff, C. Viral Oncolysis — Can Insights from Measles Be Transferred to Canine Distemper Virus? Viruses 2014, 6, 2340-2375.

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