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Viruses 2014, 6(5), 1897-1910; doi:10.3390/v6051897
Short Communication

Molecular Phylogeny of Hantaviruses Harbored by Insectivorous Bats in Côte d’Ivoire and Vietnam

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Received: 24 February 2014; in revised form: 4 April 2014 / Accepted: 8 April 2014 / Published: 29 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses and Bats)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1619 KB, uploaded 29 April 2014]
Abstract: The recent discovery of genetically distinct hantaviruses in multiple species of shrews and moles prompted a further exploration of their host diversification by analyzing frozen, ethanol-fixed and RNAlater®-preserved archival tissues and fecal samples from 533 bats (representing seven families, 28 genera and 53 species in the order Chiroptera), captured in Asia, Africa and the Americas in 1981–2012, using RT-PCR. Hantavirus RNA was detected in Pomona roundleaf bats (Hipposideros pomona) (family Hipposideridae), captured in Vietnam in 1997 and 1999, and in banana pipistrelles (Neoromicia nanus) (family Vespertilionidae), captured in Côte d’Ivoire in 2011. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the full-length S- and partial M- and L-segment sequences using maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods, demonstrated that the newfound hantaviruses formed highly divergent lineages, comprising other recently recognized bat-borne hantaviruses in Sierra Leone and China. The detection of bat-associated hantaviruses opens a new era in hantavirology and provides insights into their evolutionary origins.
Keywords: hantavirus; Chiroptera; evolution hantavirus; Chiroptera; evolution
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, S.H.; Lim, B.K.; Kadjo, B.; Arai, S.; Kim, J.-A.; Nicolas, V.; Lalis, A.; Denys, C.; Cook, J.A.; Dominguez, S.R.; Holmes, K.V.; Urushadze, L.; Sidamonidze, K.; Putkaradze, D.; Kuzmin, I.V.; Kosoy, M.Y.; Song, J.-W.; Yanagihara, R. Molecular Phylogeny of Hantaviruses Harbored by Insectivorous Bats in Côte d’Ivoire and Vietnam. Viruses 2014, 6, 1897-1910.

AMA Style

Gu SH, Lim BK, Kadjo B, Arai S, Kim J-A, Nicolas V, Lalis A, Denys C, Cook JA, Dominguez SR, Holmes KV, Urushadze L, Sidamonidze K, Putkaradze D, Kuzmin IV, Kosoy MY, Song J-W, Yanagihara R. Molecular Phylogeny of Hantaviruses Harbored by Insectivorous Bats in Côte d’Ivoire and Vietnam. Viruses. 2014; 6(5):1897-1910.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gu, Se H.; Lim, Burton K.; Kadjo, Blaise; Arai, Satoru; Kim, Jeong-Ah; Nicolas, Violaine; Lalis, Aude; Denys, Christiane; Cook, Joseph A.; Dominguez, Samuel R.; Holmes, Kathryn V.; Urushadze, Lela; Sidamonidze, Ketevan; Putkaradze, Davit; Kuzmin, Ivan V.; Kosoy, Michael Y.; Song, Jin-Won; Yanagihara, Richard. 2014. "Molecular Phylogeny of Hantaviruses Harbored by Insectivorous Bats in Côte d’Ivoire and Vietnam." Viruses 6, no. 5: 1897-1910.


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