Viruses 2014, 6(3), 951-967; doi:10.3390/v6030951
Review

More Novel Hantaviruses and Diversifying Reservoir Hosts — Time for Development of Reservoir-Derived Cell Culture Models?

1,* email, 2email and 3email
Received: 12 December 2013; in revised form: 11 February 2014 / Accepted: 15 February 2014 / Published: 26 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hantaviruses)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Due to novel, improved and high-throughput detection methods, there is a plethora of newly identified viruses within the genus Hantavirus. Furthermore, reservoir host species are increasingly recognized besides representatives of the order Rodentia, now including members of the mammalian orders Soricomorpha/Eulipotyphla and Chiroptera. Despite the great interest created by emerging zoonotic viruses, there is still a gross lack of in vitro models, which reflect the exclusive host adaptation of most zoonotic viruses. The usually narrow host range and genetic diversity of hantaviruses make them an exciting candidate for studying virus-host interactions on a cellular level. To do so, well-characterized reservoir cell lines covering a wide range of bat, insectivore and rodent species are essential. Most currently available cell culture models display a heterologous virus-host relationship and are therefore only of limited value. Here, we review the recently established approaches to generate reservoir-derived cell culture models for the in vitro study of virus-host interactions. These successfully used model systems almost exclusively originate from bats and bat-borne viruses other than hantaviruses. Therefore we propose a parallel approach for research on rodent- and insectivore-borne hantaviruses, taking the generation of novel rodent and insectivore cell lines from wildlife species into account. These cell lines would be also valuable for studies on further rodent-borne viruses, such as orthopox- and arenaviruses.
Keywords: hantavirus; cell culture; zoonoses; reservoir host; virus-host interaction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Eckerle, I.; Lenk, M.; Ulrich, R.G. More Novel Hantaviruses and Diversifying Reservoir Hosts — Time for Development of Reservoir-Derived Cell Culture Models? Viruses 2014, 6, 951-967.

AMA Style

Eckerle I, Lenk M, Ulrich RG. More Novel Hantaviruses and Diversifying Reservoir Hosts — Time for Development of Reservoir-Derived Cell Culture Models? Viruses. 2014; 6(3):951-967.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eckerle, Isabella; Lenk, Matthias; Ulrich, Rainer G. 2014. "More Novel Hantaviruses and Diversifying Reservoir Hosts — Time for Development of Reservoir-Derived Cell Culture Models?" Viruses 6, no. 3: 951-967.


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