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Viruses 2013, 5(1), 352-373; doi:10.3390/v5010352

Influenza A Virus Entry Inhibitors Targeting the Hemagglutinin

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China
Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 December 2012 / Revised: 17 January 2013 / Accepted: 21 January 2013 / Published: 22 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viral Entry Inhibitors)
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Influenza A virus (IAV) has caused seasonal influenza epidemics and influenza pandemics, which resulted in serious threat to public health and socioeconomic impacts. Until now, only 5 drugs belong to two categories are used for prophylaxis and treatment of IAV infection. Hemagglutinin (HA), the envelope glycoprotein of IAV, plays a critical role in viral binding, fusion and entry. Therefore, HA is an attractive target for developing anti‑IAV drugs to block the entry step of IAV infection. Here we reviewed the recent progress in the study of conformational changes of HA during viral fusion process and the development of HA-based IAV entry inhibitors, which may provide a new choice for controlling future influenza pandemics.
Keywords: influenza A virus; hemagglutinin; viral entry; antiviral drugs influenza A virus; hemagglutinin; viral entry; antiviral drugs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, J.; Li, M.; Shen, X.; Liu, S. Influenza A Virus Entry Inhibitors Targeting the Hemagglutinin. Viruses 2013, 5, 352-373.

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