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Viruses 2012, 4(9), 1569-1591; doi:10.3390/v4091569

Host Cell Factors as Antiviral Targets in Arenavirus Infection

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Received: 17 August 2012 / Revised: 31 August 2012 / Accepted: 4 September 2012 / Published: 13 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arenaviruses)
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Abstract: Among the members of the Arenaviridae family, Lassa virus and Junin virus generate periodic annual outbreaks of severe human hemorrhagic fever (HF) in endemic areas of West Africa and Argentina, respectively. Given the human health threat that arenaviruses represent and the lack of a specific and safe chemotherapy, the search for effective antiviral compounds is a continuous demanding effort. Since diverse host cell pathways and enzymes are used by RNA viruses to fulfill their replicative cycle, the targeting of a host process has turned an attractive antiviral approach in the last years for many unrelated virus types. This strategy has the additional benefit to reduce the serious challenge for therapy of RNA viruses to escape from drug effects through selection of resistant variants triggered by their high mutation rate. This article focuses on novel strategies to identify inhibitors for arenavirus therapy, analyzing the potential for antiviral developments of diverse host factors essential for virus infection.
Keywords: arenavirus; Junin virus; hemorrhagic fever; antiviral; host cell target arenavirus; Junin virus; hemorrhagic fever; antiviral; host cell target
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Linero, F.N.; Sepúlveda, C.S.; Giovannoni, F.; Castilla, V.; García, C.C.; Scolaro, L.A.; Damonte, E.B. Host Cell Factors as Antiviral Targets in Arenavirus Infection. Viruses 2012, 4, 1569-1591.

AMA Style

Linero FN, Sepúlveda CS, Giovannoni F, Castilla V, García CC, Scolaro LA, Damonte EB. Host Cell Factors as Antiviral Targets in Arenavirus Infection. Viruses. 2012; 4(9):1569-1591.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Linero, Florencia N.; Sepúlveda, Claudia S.; Giovannoni, Federico; Castilla, Viviana; García, Cybele C.; Scolaro, Luis A.; Damonte, Elsa B. 2012. "Host Cell Factors as Antiviral Targets in Arenavirus Infection." Viruses 4, no. 9: 1569-1591.

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