Viruses 2012, 4(5), 654-662; doi:10.3390/v4050654
Article

Evaluation of the Long-Term Effect of Air Filtration on the Occurrence of New PRRSV Infections in Large Breeding Herds in Swine-Dense Regions

1,* email, 2email, 1email, 3email, 4email, 4email and 2email
Received: 20 March 2012; in revised form: 21 April 2012 / Accepted: 24 April 2012 / Published: 26 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Arteriviruses and Coronaviruses)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Airborne transmission of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a risk factor for the infection of susceptible populations. Therefore, a long‑term sustainability study of air filtration as a means to reduce this risk was conducted. Participating herds (n = 38) were organized into 4 independent cohorts and the effect of air filtration on the occurrence of new PRRSV infections was analyzed at 3 different levels from September 2008 to January 2012 including the likelihood of infection in contemporary filtered and non-filtered herds, the likelihood of infection before and after implementation of filtration and the time to failure in filtered and non-filtered herds. Results indicated that new PRRSV infections in filtered breeding herds were significantly lower than in contemporary non-filtered control herds (P < 0.01), the odds for a new PRRSV infection in breeding herds before filtration was 7.97 times higher than the odds after filtration was initiated (P < 0.01) and the median time to new PRRSV infections in filtered breeding herds of 30 months was significantly longer than the 11 months observed in non-filtered herds (P < 0.01). In conclusion, across all 3 levels of analysis, the long-term effect of air filtration on reducing the occurrence of new PRRSV infections in the study population was demonstrated.
Keywords: porcine; reproductive; respiratory; syndrome; virus; air; filtration; breeding; herds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dee, S.; Cano, J.P.; Spronk, G.; Reicks, D.; Ruen, P.; Pitkin, A.; Polson, D. Evaluation of the Long-Term Effect of Air Filtration on the Occurrence of New PRRSV Infections in Large Breeding Herds in Swine-Dense Regions. Viruses 2012, 4, 654-662.

AMA Style

Dee S, Cano JP, Spronk G, Reicks D, Ruen P, Pitkin A, Polson D. Evaluation of the Long-Term Effect of Air Filtration on the Occurrence of New PRRSV Infections in Large Breeding Herds in Swine-Dense Regions. Viruses. 2012; 4(5):654-662.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dee, Scott; Cano, Jean Paul; Spronk, Gordon; Reicks, Darwin; Ruen, Paul; Pitkin, Andrea; Polson, Dale. 2012. "Evaluation of the Long-Term Effect of Air Filtration on the Occurrence of New PRRSV Infections in Large Breeding Herds in Swine-Dense Regions." Viruses 4, no. 5: 654-662.

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