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Viruses 2010, 2(9), 2134-2153; doi:10.3390/v2092134
Review

An Update on Canine Adenovirus Type 2 and Its Vectors

1,2,3
, 1,2,3
 and 1,2,3,*
Received: 25 June 2010; in revised form: 23 September 2010 / Accepted: 24 September 2010 / Published: 27 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adenoviral Vectors)
Download PDF [536 KB, uploaded 27 September 2010]
Abstract: Adenovirus vectors have significant potential for long- or short-term gene transfer. Preclinical and clinical studies using human derived adenoviruses (HAd) have demonstrated the feasibility of flexible hybrid vector designs, robust expression and induction of protective immunity. However, clinical use of HAd vectors can, under some conditions, be limited by pre-existing vector immunity. Pre-existing humoral and cellular anti-capsid immunity limits the efficacy and duration of transgene expression and is poorly circumvented by injections of larger doses and immuno-suppressing drugs. This review updates canine adenovirus serotype 2 (CAV-2, also known as CAdV-2) biology and gives an overview of the generation of early region 1 (E1)-deleted to helper-dependent (HD) CAV-2 vectors. We also summarize the essential characteristics concerning their interaction with the anti-HAd memory immune responses in humans, the preferential transduction of neurons, and its high level of retrograde axonal transport in the central and peripheral nervous system. CAV-2 vectors are particularly interesting tools to study the pathophysiology and potential treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, as anti-tumoral and anti-viral vaccines, tracer of synaptic junctions, oncolytic virus and as a platform to generate chimeric vectors.
Keywords: canine adenovirus; vectors; CAV-2; CAR; gene therapy; neurons; immunity; retrograde transport; neurodegenerative diseases; vaccines canine adenovirus; vectors; CAV-2; CAR; gene therapy; neurons; immunity; retrograde transport; neurodegenerative diseases; vaccines
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bru, T.; Salinas, S.; Kremer, E.J. An Update on Canine Adenovirus Type 2 and Its Vectors. Viruses 2010, 2, 2134-2153.

AMA Style

Bru T, Salinas S, Kremer EJ. An Update on Canine Adenovirus Type 2 and Its Vectors. Viruses. 2010; 2(9):2134-2153.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bru, Thierry; Salinas, Sara; Kremer, Eric J. 2010. "An Update on Canine Adenovirus Type 2 and Its Vectors." Viruses 2, no. 9: 2134-2153.


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