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Viruses 2010, 2(6), 1340-1346; doi:10.3390/v2061340
Commentary

Primed for Discovery: Atomic-Resolution Cryo-EM Structure of a Reovirus Entry Intermediate

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Received: 2 June 2010 / Revised: 10 June 2010 / Accepted: 14 June 2010 / Published: 15 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Editorial)
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Abstract

A recently solved structure of the aquareovirus virion (Zhang, X; Jin, L.; Fang, Q; Hui, W.H.; Zhou Z.H. 3.3 Å Cryo-EM Structure of a Nonenveloped Virus Reveals a Priming Mechanism for Cell Entry. Cell 2010, 141, 472-482 [1]) provides new insights into the order of entry events, as well as confirming and refining several aspects of the entry mechanism, for aquareovirus and the related orthoreovirus. In particular, the structure provides evidence of a defined order for the progressive proteolytic cleavages of myristoylated penetration protein VP5 that prime the virion for membrane penetration. These observations reinforce the concept that, much like enveloped viruses, nonenveloped virions often undergo priming events that lead to a meta-stable state, preparing the virus for membrane penetration under the appropriate circumstances. In addition, this and other recent studies highlight the increasing power of electron cryomicroscopy to analyze large, geometrically regular structures, such as icosahedral viruses, at atomic resolution.
Keywords: aquareovirus; orthoreovirus; Reoviridae; electron cryomicroscopy; nonenveloped virus; virus entry; myristoyl; autoproteolysis aquareovirus; orthoreovirus; Reoviridae; electron cryomicroscopy; nonenveloped virus; virus entry; myristoyl; autoproteolysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Trask, S.D.; Guglielmi, K.M.; Patton, J.T. Primed for Discovery: Atomic-Resolution Cryo-EM Structure of a Reovirus Entry Intermediate. Viruses 2010, 2, 1340-1346.

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