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Viruses 2018, 10(8), 443; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10080443

New Adenovirus Groups in Western Palaearctic Bats

1
Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Carretera de Majadahonda-Pozuelo km 2. Majadahonda 28220, Madrid, Spain
2
Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC, Avda Américo Vespucio 16, 41092 Seville, Spain
3
Centro de Investigación Biomédica Epidemiología y Salud Pública, CIBERESP, 28029 Madrid, Spain
4
Consorcio Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red (CIBER), 28029 Madrid, Spain
5
Department of Zoology and Animal Cell Biology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa 48940, Basque Country, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 18 August 2018 / Published: 20 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Viruses)
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Abstract

In the context of long-term screening for viruses on Western Palaearctic bats, we tested for the presence of adenovirus 1392 oropharyngeal swabs and 325 stool samples taken from 27 bat species. Adenoviruses were detected in 12 species of the Vespertilionidae and the Rhinolophidae families. Fifty positive respiratory and 26 positive stool samples were studied. Phylogenetic analyses of partial hexon protein and partial DNA-dependent DNA polymerase genes indicate that all these bat adenoviruses belong to the genus Mastadenovirus but without constituting a monophyletic cluster. According to genetic identities, the new groups are distinct to the previously described Bat mastadenovirus A and B species and contribute with potentially new members. Our data support that diversity of bat mastadenovirus is host-dependent and increase the knowledge of potentially pathogenic virus from bats. Due to the active role of bats as viral reservoirs, the characterization of these viruses is relevant for Public Health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Adenovirus; Western Palaearctic Bats; Phylogenetic analysis; Spain Adenovirus; Western Palaearctic Bats; Phylogenetic analysis; Spain
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Iglesias-Caballero, M.; Juste, J.; Vázquez-Morón, S.; Falcon, A.; Aznar-Lopez, C.; Ibáñez, C.; Pozo, F.; Ruiz, G.; Berciano, J.M.; Garin, I.; Aihartza, J.; Echevarría, J.E.; Casas, I. New Adenovirus Groups in Western Palaearctic Bats. Viruses 2018, 10, 443.

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