Viruses 2009, 1(1), 26-41; doi:10.3390/v1010026
Article

The Complete Sequence of a Human Parainfluenzavirus 4 Genome

1email, 2, 2email, 2, 2email and 1,2,3,4,* email
Received: 6 April 2009; in revised form: 22 May 2009 / Accepted: 26 May 2009 / Published: 2 June 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Newly Identified Respiratory Viruses)
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Abstract: Although the human parainfluenza virus 4 (HPIV4) has been known for a long time, its genome, alone among the human paramyxoviruses, has not been completely sequenced to date. In this study we obtained the first complete genomic sequence of HPIV4 from a clinical isolate named SKPIV4 obtained at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto (Ontario, Canada). The coding regions for the N, P/V, M, F and HN proteins show very high identities (95% to 97%) with previously available partial sequences for HPIV4B. The sequence for the L protein and the non-coding regions represent new information. A surprising feature of the genome is its length, more than 17 kb, making it the longest genome within the genus Rubulavirus, although the length is well within the known range of 15 kb to 19 kb for the subfamily Paramyxovirinae. The availability of a complete genomic sequence will facilitate investigations on a respiratory virus that is still not completely characterized.
Keywords: human parainfluenza virus 4; complete genome sequence; L protein; long RT-PCR
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yea, C.; Cheung, R.; Collins, C.; Adachi, D.; Nishikawa, J.; Tellier, R. The Complete Sequence of a Human Parainfluenzavirus 4 Genome. Viruses 2009, 1, 26-41.

AMA Style

Yea C, Cheung R, Collins C, Adachi D, Nishikawa J, Tellier R. The Complete Sequence of a Human Parainfluenzavirus 4 Genome. Viruses. 2009; 1(1):26-41.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yea, Carmen; Cheung, Rose; Collins, Carol; Adachi, Dena; Nishikawa, John; Tellier, Raymond. 2009. "The Complete Sequence of a Human Parainfluenzavirus 4 Genome." Viruses 1, no. 1: 26-41.


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