Forests 2012, 3(3), 799-817; doi:10.3390/f3030799

Habitat Modeling of Alien Plant Species at Varying Levels of Occupancy

1,2,* email and 1email
Received: 17 May 2012; in revised form: 21 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 7 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exotic and Invasive Plant Species Impacting Forests)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Distribution models of invasive plants are very useful tools for conservation management. There are challenges in modeling expanding populations, especially in a dynamic environment, and when data are limited. In this paper, predictive habitat models were assessed for three invasive plant species, at differing levels of occurrence, using two different habitat modeling techniques: logistic regression and maximum entropy. The influence of disturbance, spatial and temporal heterogeneity, and other landscape characteristics is assessed by creating regional level models based on occurrence records from the USDA Forest Service’s Forest Inventory and Analysis database. Logistic regression and maximum entropy models were assessed independently. Ensemble models were developed to combine the predictions of the two analysis approaches to obtain a more robust prediction estimate. All species had strong models with Area Under the receiver operator Curve (AUC) of >0.75. The species with the highest occurrence, Ligustrum spp., had the greatest agreement between the models (93%). Lolium arundinaceum had the most disagreement between models at 33% and the lowest AUC values. Overall, the strength of integrative modeling in assessing and understanding habitat modeling was demonstrated.
Keywords: species distribution modeling; invasive plants; logistic regression; maximum entropy; Ligustrum; Lolium arundinaceum; Albizia julibrissin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lemke, D.; Brown, J.A. Habitat Modeling of Alien Plant Species at Varying Levels of Occupancy. Forests 2012, 3, 799-817.

AMA Style

Lemke D, Brown JA. Habitat Modeling of Alien Plant Species at Varying Levels of Occupancy. Forests. 2012; 3(3):799-817.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lemke, Dawn; Brown, Jennifer A. 2012. "Habitat Modeling of Alien Plant Species at Varying Levels of Occupancy." Forests 3, no. 3: 799-817.

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