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Allometric Equations for Estimating Carbon Stocks in Natural Forest in New Zealand
New Zealand Forest Research Institute Ltd, 49 Sala Street, Rotorua 3010, New Zealand
Ministry for the Environment, 23 Kate Sheppard Place, Wellington 11040, New Zealand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2012; in revised form: 23 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 10 September 2012
Abstract: Species-specific and mixed-species volume and above ground biomass allometric equations were developed for 15 indigenous tree species and four tree fern species in New Zealand. A mixed-species tree equation based on breast height diameter (DBH) and tree height (H) provided acceptable estimates of stem plus branch (>10 cm in diameter over bark) volume, which was multiplied by live tree density to estimate dry matter. For dead standing spars, DBH, estimated original height, actual spar height and compatible volume/taper functions provided estimates of dead stem volume, which was multiplied by live tree density and a density modifier based on log decay class from field assessments to estimate dry matter. Live tree density was estimated using ratio estimators. Ratio estimators were based on biomass sample trees, and utilized density data from outerwood basic density surveys which were available for 35 tree species sampled throughout New Zealand. Foliage and branch ( < 10 cm in diameter over bark) dry matter were estimated directly from tree DBH. Tree fern above ground dry matter was estimated using allometric equations based on DBH and H. Due to insufficient data, below ground carbon for trees was estimated using the default IPCC root/shoot ratio of 25%, but for tree ferns it was estimated using measured root/shoot ratios which averaged 20%.
Keywords: above ground tree biomass; stem volume; wood density; tree fern biomass; root systems; podocarp; hardwood
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MDPI and ACS Style
Beets, P.N.; Kimberley, M.O.; Oliver, G.R.; Pearce, S.H.; Graham, J.D.; Brandon, A. Allometric Equations for Estimating Carbon Stocks in Natural Forest in New Zealand. Forests 2012, 3, 818-839.
Beets PN, Kimberley MO, Oliver GR, Pearce SH, Graham JD, Brandon A. Allometric Equations for Estimating Carbon Stocks in Natural Forest in New Zealand. Forests. 2012; 3(3):818-839.
Beets, Peter N.; Kimberley, Mark O.; Oliver, Graeme R.; Pearce, Stephen H.; Graham, J. Doug; Brandon, Andrea. 2012. "Allometric Equations for Estimating Carbon Stocks in Natural Forest in New Zealand." Forests 3, no. 3: 818-839.