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Materials 2016, 9(8), 617; doi:10.3390/ma9080617

Carbon Nanomaterials as Antibacterial Colloids

Faculty of Production Engineering, Advanced Ceramics, MAPEX—Centre for Materials and Processes, University of Bremen, Bremen 28359, Germany
Academic Editor: Shahin Homaeigohar
Received: 16 June 2016 / Revised: 12 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 July 2016 / Published: 25 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Nanotechnology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2907 KB, uploaded 25 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Carbon nanomaterials like graphene, carbon nanotubes, fullerenes and the various forms of diamond have attracted great attention for their vast potential regarding applications in electrical engineering and as biomaterials. The study of the antibacterial properties of carbon nanomaterials provides fundamental information on the possible toxicity and environmental impact of these materials. Furthermore, as a result of the increasing prevalence of resistant bacteria strains, the development of novel antibacterial materials is of great importance. This article reviews current research efforts on characterizing the antibacterial activity of carbon nanomaterials from the perspective of colloid and interface science. Building on these fundamental findings, recent functionalization strategies for enhancing the antibacterial effect of carbon nanomaterials are described. The review concludes with a comprehensive outlook that summarizes the most important discoveries and trends regarding antibacterial carbon nanomaterials. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon; nanotubes; graphene; fullerene; diamond; nanomaterial; environment; bacteria; toxicity; antibacterial carbon; nanotubes; graphene; fullerene; diamond; nanomaterial; environment; bacteria; toxicity; antibacterial
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Maas, M. Carbon Nanomaterials as Antibacterial Colloids. Materials 2016, 9, 617.

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