Silica-Gentamicin Nanohybrids: Synthesis and Antimicrobial Action
AbstractOrthopedic applications commonly require the administration of systemic antibiotics. Gentamicin is one of the most commonly used aminoglycosides in the treatment and prophylaxis of infections associated with orthopedic applications, but gentamicin has a short half-life. However, silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) can be used as elegant carriers for antibiotics to prolong their release. Our goal is the preparation and characterization of SiO2-gentamicin nanohybrids for their potential antimicrobial administration in orthopedic applications. In vitro gentamicin release profile from the nanohybrids (gentamicin-conjugated SiO2 NPs) prepared by the base-catalyzed precipitation exhibited fast release (21.4%) during the first 24 h and further extension with 43.9% release during the five-day experiment. Antimicrobial studies of the SiO2-gentamicin nanohybrids versus native SiO2 NPs and free gentamicin were performed against Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens) and Escherichia coli (E. coli). SiO2-gentamicin nanohybrids were most effective against B. subtilis. SiO2 NPs play no antimicrobial role. Parallel antimicrobial studies for the filter-sterilized gentamicin were performed to assess the effect of ultraviolet (UV)-irradiation on gentamicin. In summary, the initial fast gentamicin release fits the need for high concentration of antibiotics after orthopedic surgical interventions. Moreover, the extended release justifies the promising antimicrobial administration of the nanohybrids in bone applications. View Full-Text
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Mosselhy, D.A.; Ge, Y.; Gasik, M.; Nordström, K.; Natri, O.; Hannula, S.-P. Silica-Gentamicin Nanohybrids: Synthesis and Antimicrobial Action. Materials 2016, 9, 170.
Mosselhy DA, Ge Y, Gasik M, Nordström K, Natri O, Hannula S-P. Silica-Gentamicin Nanohybrids: Synthesis and Antimicrobial Action. Materials. 2016; 9(3):170.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mosselhy, Dina A.; Ge, Yanling; Gasik, Michael; Nordström, Katrina; Natri, Olli; Hannula, Simo-Pekka. 2016. "Silica-Gentamicin Nanohybrids: Synthesis and Antimicrobial Action." Materials 9, no. 3: 170.
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