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Materials 2016, 9(11), 886; doi:10.3390/ma9110886

Fabrication of Glass Fiber Reinforced Composites Based on Bio-Oil Phenol Formaldehyde Resin

1
College of Materials Science and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Precision Manufacturing Engineering Department, Suzhou Vocational Institute of Industrial Technology, Suzhou 215104, China
3
College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials Engineering, Shanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi’an 710021, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Biqiong Chen
Received: 5 September 2016 / Revised: 23 October 2016 / Accepted: 28 October 2016 / Published: 1 November 2016
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Abstract

In this study, bio-oil from fast pyrolysis of renewable biomass was added by the mass of phenol to synthesize bio-oil phenol formaldehyde (BPF) resins, which were used to fabricate glass fiber (GF) reinforced BPF resin (GF/BPF) composites. The properties of the BPF resin and the GF/BPF composites prepared were tested. The functional groups and thermal property of BPF resin were thoroughly investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra and dynamic thermomechanical analysis (DMA). Results indicated that the addition of 20% bio-oil exhibited favorable adaptability for enhancing the stiffness and heat resistance of phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin. Besides, high-performance GF/BPF composites could be successfully prepared with the BPF resin based on hand lay-up process. The interface characteristics of GF/BPF composites were determined by the analysis of dynamic wettability (DW) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It exhibited that GF could be well wetted and embedded in the BPF resin with the bio-oil addition of 20%. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-oil; phenol formaldehyde resin; glass fiber reinforced; composites bio-oil; phenol formaldehyde resin; glass fiber reinforced; composites
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Cui, Y.; Chang, J.; Wang, W. Fabrication of Glass Fiber Reinforced Composites Based on Bio-Oil Phenol Formaldehyde Resin. Materials 2016, 9, 886.

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