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Materials 2017, 10(7), 830; doi:10.3390/ma10070830

Sliding Wear Behavior of UNS R56400 Titanium Alloy Samples Thermally Oxidized by Laser

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering & Industrial Design, Faculty of Engineering, University of Cadiz, Av. Universidad de Cadiz 10, E-11519 Puerto Real-Cadiz, Spain
2
Department of Materials Science and Metallurgic Engineering and Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, University of Cadiz. Av. Universidad de Cadiz 10, E-11519 Puerto Real-Cadiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2017 / Revised: 11 July 2017 / Accepted: 13 July 2017 / Published: 19 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tribological Behavior of Materials by Surface Engineering)
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Abstract

Wear of elements subjected to friction and sliding is among the main causes of low tribological performance and short lifetime of strategic materials such as titanium alloys. These types of alloys are widely used in different areas such as aerospace and the biomechanics industry. In this sense, surface modification treatments allow for the overcoming of limitations and improvement of features and properties. In the case of titanium alloys, improvements in the main weaknesses of these materials can be obtained. Laser texturing of UNS R56400 (Ti6Al4V) alloy, according to Unified Numbering System designation, surface layers in a non-protective atmosphere produces an increase of the oxides, especially of titanium dioxide (TiO2) species. The presence of oxides in the alloy results in color tonality variations as well as hardness increases. In addition, specific roughness topographies may be produced by the track of laser beam irradiation. In this research, thermochemical oxidation of UNS R56400 alloy has been developed through laser texturing, using scan speed of the beam (Vs) as the process control variable, and its influence on the sliding wear behavior was analyzed. For this purpose, using pin on disc tribological tests, wear was evaluated from the friction coefficient, and wear mechanisms involved in the process were analyzed. Combined studies of wear mechanisms and the friction coefficient verified that by means of specific surface treatments, an increase in the wear resistance of this type of alloys is generated. The most advantageous results for the improvement of tribological behavior have been detected in textured surfaces using a Vs of 150 mm/s, resulting in a decrease in the friction coefficient values by approximately 20%. View Full-Text
Keywords: UNS R56400; laser oxidation; sliding wear; wear mechanism; tribology; hardness; roughness; pin on disc UNS R56400; laser oxidation; sliding wear; wear mechanism; tribology; hardness; roughness; pin on disc
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martinez, J.M.V.; Pedemonte, F.J.B.; Galvin, M.B.; Gomez, J.S.; Barcena, M.M. Sliding Wear Behavior of UNS R56400 Titanium Alloy Samples Thermally Oxidized by Laser. Materials 2017, 10, 830.

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