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Energies 2015, 8(4), 2701-2713; doi:10.3390/en8042701

Melting Behavior and Thermolysis of NaBH4−Mg(BH4)2 and NaBH4−Ca(BH4)2 Composites

Center for Materials Crystallography (CMC), Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO) and Department of Chemistry, University of Aarhus, Langelandsgade 140, DK-8000 Århus C, Denmark
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Academic Editor: Hai-Wen Li
Received: 12 March 2015 / Revised: 31 March 2015 / Accepted: 1 April 2015 / Published: 8 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrides: Fundamentals and Applications)
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Abstract

The physical properties and the hydrogen release of NaBH4–Mg(BH4)2 and NaBH4−Ca(BH4)2 composites are investigated using in situ synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis and temperature programmed photographic analysis. The composite, xNaBH4–(1 − x)Mg(BH4)2, x = 0.4 to 0.5, shows melting/frothing between 205 and 220 °C. However, the sample does not become a transparent molten phase. This behavior is similar to other alkali-alkaline earth metal borohydride composites. In the xNaBH4–(1 − x)Ca(BH4)2 system, eutectic melting is not observed. Interestingly, eutectic melting in metal borohydrides systems leads to partial thermolysis and hydrogen release at lower temperatures and the control of sample melting may open new routes for obtaining high-capacity hydrogen storage materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal borohydride; hydrogen storage; eutectic melting metal borohydride; hydrogen storage; eutectic melting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ley, M.B.; Roedern, E.; Thygesen, P.M.M.; Jensen, T.R. Melting Behavior and Thermolysis of NaBH4−Mg(BH4)2 and NaBH4−Ca(BH4)2 Composites. Energies 2015, 8, 2701-2713.

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