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Energies 2015, 8(4), 3118-3141; doi:10.3390/en8043118

Hydrazine Borane and Hydrazinidoboranes as Chemical Hydrogen Storage Materials

1
Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany
2
IEM (Institut Europeen des Membranes), UMR 5635 (CNRS-ENSCM-UM2), Universite Montpellier 2, Place E. Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hai-Wen Li
Received: 27 January 2015 / Revised: 20 February 2015 / Accepted: 7 April 2015 / Published: 20 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrides: Fundamentals and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1651 KB, uploaded 20 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

Hydrazine borane N2H4BH3 and alkali derivatives (i.e., lithium, sodium and potassium hydrazinidoboranes MN2H3BH3 with M = Li, Na and K) have been considered as potential chemical hydrogen storage materials. They belong to the family of boron- and nitrogen-based materials and the present article aims at providing a timely review while focusing on fundamentals so that their effective potential in the field could be appreciated. It stands out that, on the one hand, hydrazine borane, in aqueous solution, would be suitable for full dehydrogenation in hydrolytic conditions; the most attractive feature is the possibility to dehydrogenate, in addition to the BH3 group, the N2H4 moiety in the presence of an active and selective metal-based catalyst but for which further improvements are still necessary. However, the thermolytic dehydrogenation of hydrazine borane should be avoided because of the evolution of significant amounts of hydrazine and the formation of a shock-sensitive solid residue upon heating at >300 °C. On the other hand, the alkali hydrazinidoboranes, obtained by reaction of hydrazine borane with alkali hydrides, would be more suitable to thermolytic dehydrogenation, with improved properties in comparison to the parent borane. All of these aspects are surveyed herein and put into perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical hydrogen storage; hydrazine borane; hydrazinidoborane; hydrolysis; thermolysis chemical hydrogen storage; hydrazine borane; hydrazinidoborane; hydrolysis; thermolysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Moury, R.; Demirci, U.B. Hydrazine Borane and Hydrazinidoboranes as Chemical Hydrogen Storage Materials. Energies 2015, 8, 3118-3141.

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