Energies 2014, 7(5), 3148-3178; doi:10.3390/en7053148
Article

Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy for the Control of Real Driving NOx Emissions of a Diesel Hybrid Electric Vehicle

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Received: 11 March 2014; Accepted: 30 April 2014 / Published: 12 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hybrid Vehicles)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Motivated by the fact that the real driving NOx emissions (RDE) of conventional diesel vehicles can exceed the legislation norms by far, a concept for the control of RDE with a diesel parallel hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is proposed. By extending the well-known equivalent consumption minimization strategy (ECMS), the power split degree of freedom is used to control the NOx emissions and the battery state of charge (SOC) simultaneously. Through an appropriate formulation of the problem, the feedback control is shown to be separable into two dependent PI controllers. By hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) experiments, as well as by simulations, the proposed method is shown to minimize the fuel consumption while tracking a given reference trajectory for both the NOx emissions and the battery SOC.
Keywords: hybrid electric vehicle (HEV); energy management; real-driving emissions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nüesch, T.; Cerofolini, A.; Mancini, G.; Cavina, N.; Onder, C.; Guzzella, L. Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy for the Control of Real Driving NOx Emissions of a Diesel Hybrid Electric Vehicle. Energies 2014, 7, 3148-3178.

AMA Style

Nüesch T, Cerofolini A, Mancini G, Cavina N, Onder C, Guzzella L. Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy for the Control of Real Driving NOx Emissions of a Diesel Hybrid Electric Vehicle. Energies. 2014; 7(5):3148-3178.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nüesch, Tobias; Cerofolini, Alberto; Mancini, Giorgio; Cavina, Nicolò; Onder, Christopher; Guzzella, Lino. 2014. "Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy for the Control of Real Driving NOx Emissions of a Diesel Hybrid Electric Vehicle." Energies 7, no. 5: 3148-3178.

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