Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Energies 2014, 7(3), 1792-1810; doi:10.3390/en7031792
Article

DVP: A Novel High-Availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR) Protocol Traffic-Reduction Algorithm for a Substation Automation System Network

*  and
Received: 20 January 2014; in revised form: 17 March 2014 / Accepted: 19 March 2014 / Published: 24 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Grids: The Electrical Power Network and Communication System)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [323 KB, uploaded 24 March 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: The high-availability seamless redundancy (HSR) protocol, a potential candidate for substation automation system (SAS) networks, provides duplicated frame copies of each sent frame, with zero fault-recovery time. This means that even in the case of node or link failure, the destination node will receive at least one copy of the sent frame. Consequently, there is no network operation down time. However, the forwarding process of the QuadBox node in HSR is not smart and relies solely on duplication and random forwarding of all received frames. Thus, if a unicast frame is sent in any closed-loop network, the frame copies will be spread through most of all the links in both directions until they reach the destination node, which inevitably results in significant, unnecessary network traffic. In this paper, we present an algorithm called the dual virtual paths (DVP) algorithm to solve such an HSR excessive traffic issue. The idea behind our DVP algorithm is to establish automatic DVP between each HSR node and all the other nodes in the network, except for the QuadBox node. These virtual paths will be used for DVP unicast traffic transmission, rather than using the standard HSR transmission process. Therefore, the DVP algorithm results in less traffic, because there is no duplication or random forwarding, contrary to standard HSR. For the sample networks selected in this paper, the DVP algorithm shows more than a 70% reduction in network traffic and about an 80% reduction in the discarded traffic compared to the standard HSR protocol.
Keywords: high-availability seamless redundancy (HSR); dual virtual paths (DVP); traffic reduction; fault-tolerant Ethernet (FTE); substation automation system (SAS); unicast traffic; IEC 62439-3 high-availability seamless redundancy (HSR); dual virtual paths (DVP); traffic reduction; fault-tolerant Ethernet (FTE); substation automation system (SAS); unicast traffic; IEC 62439-3
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Nsaif, S.; Rhee, J.-M. DVP: A Novel High-Availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR) Protocol Traffic-Reduction Algorithm for a Substation Automation System Network. Energies 2014, 7, 1792-1810.

AMA Style

Nsaif S, Rhee J-M. DVP: A Novel High-Availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR) Protocol Traffic-Reduction Algorithm for a Substation Automation System Network. Energies. 2014; 7(3):1792-1810.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nsaif, Saad; Rhee, Jong-Myung. 2014. "DVP: A Novel High-Availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR) Protocol Traffic-Reduction Algorithm for a Substation Automation System Network." Energies 7, no. 3: 1792-1810.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert