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Energies 2013, 6(9), 4377-4393; doi:10.3390/en6094377
Article

A New Agro/Forestry Residues Co-Firing Model in a Large Pulverized Coal Furnace: Technical and Economic Assessments

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Received: 9 April 2013; in revised form: 1 August 2013 / Accepted: 5 August 2013 / Published: 23 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coal Combustion and Gasification)
Download PDF [381 KB, uploaded 23 August 2013]
Abstract: Based on the existing biomass co-firing technologies and the known innate drawbacks of dedicated biomass firing, including slagging, corrosion and the dependence on fuel, a new model of agro/forestry residue pellets/shreds and coal co-fired in a large Pulverized Coal (PC) furnace was proposed, and the corresponding technical and economic assessments were performed by co-firing testing in a 300 MW PC furnace and discounted cash flow technique. The developed model is more dependent on injection co-firing and combined with co-milling co-firing. Co-firing not only reduces CO2 emission, but also does not significantly affect the fly ash use in cement industry, construction industry and agriculture. Moreover, economic assessments show that in comparison with dedicated firing in grate furnace, agro/forestry residues and coal co-firing in a large PC furnace is highly economic. Otherwise, when the co-firing ratio was below 5 wt%, the boiler co-firing efficiency was 0.05%–0.31% higher than that of dedicated PC combustion, and boiler efficiencies were about 0.2% higher with agro/forestry residues co-firing in the bottom and top burner systems than that in a middle burner system.
Keywords: co-firing; agro/forestry residues; mill; CO2/NOx/SO2; boiler efficiency; fly ash; cement characteristics; economic assessment co-firing; agro/forestry residues; mill; CO2/NOx/SO2; boiler efficiency; fly ash; cement characteristics; economic assessment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, W.; Niu, Y.; Tan, H.; Wang, D.; Du, W.; Hui, S. A New Agro/Forestry Residues Co-Firing Model in a Large Pulverized Coal Furnace: Technical and Economic Assessments. Energies 2013, 6, 4377-4393.

AMA Style

Xu W, Niu Y, Tan H, Wang D, Du W, Hui S. A New Agro/Forestry Residues Co-Firing Model in a Large Pulverized Coal Furnace: Technical and Economic Assessments. Energies. 2013; 6(9):4377-4393.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Weigang; Niu, Yanqing; Tan, Houzhang; Wang, Denghui; Du, Wenzhi; Hui, Shien. 2013. "A New Agro/Forestry Residues Co-Firing Model in a Large Pulverized Coal Furnace: Technical and Economic Assessments." Energies 6, no. 9: 4377-4393.


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