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Palazzi, E.; Currò, F.; Fabiano, B. Accidental Continuous Releases from Coal Processing in Semi-Confined Environment. Energies 2013, 6, 5003–5022
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Correction published on 12 February 2014, see Energies 2014, 7(2), 735.

Energies 2013, 6(10), 5003-5022; doi:10.3390/en6105003
Article

Accidental Continuous Releases from Coal Processing in Semi-Confined Environment

,
 and
*
DICCA Civil, Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Genoa, Via all'Opera Pia 15, Genoa I-16145, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2013 / Revised: 19 September 2013 / Accepted: 24 September 2013 / Published: 27 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coal Combustion and Gasification)
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Abstract

Notwithstanding the enforcement of ATEX EU Directives (94/9/EC of 23 March 1994) and safety management system application, explosions in the coal sector still claim lives and cause huge economic losses. Even a consolidated activity like coke dry distillation allows the opportunity of preventing explosion risk connected to fugitive emissions of coke oven gas. Considering accidental releases under semi-confined conditions, a simplified mathematical approach to the maximum allowed gaseous build-up is developed on the basis of the intrinsic hazards of the released compound. The results will help identifying and assessing low rate release consequences therefore to set-up appropriate prevention and control measures. The developed methodology was tested at the real-scale and validated by numerical computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations showing the effectiveness of the methodology to evaluate and mitigate the risk connected to confined hazardous releases.
Keywords: CFD analysis; gas release; hydrogen; mathematical modeling CFD analysis; gas release; hydrogen; mathematical modeling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Palazzi, E.; Currò, F.; Fabiano, B. Accidental Continuous Releases from Coal Processing in Semi-Confined Environment. Energies 2013, 6, 5003-5022.

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