A correction was published on 12 February 2014, see Energies 2014, 7(2), 735.

Energies 2013, 6(10), 5003-5022; doi:10.3390/en6105003

Accidental Continuous Releases from Coal Processing in Semi-Confined Environment

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Received: 31 July 2013; in revised form: 19 September 2013 / Accepted: 24 September 2013 / Published: 27 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coal Combustion and Gasification)
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Abstract: Notwithstanding the enforcement of ATEX EU Directives (94/9/EC of 23 March 1994) and safety management system application, explosions in the coal sector still claim lives and cause huge economic losses. Even a consolidated activity like coke dry distillation allows the opportunity of preventing explosion risk connected to fugitive emissions of coke oven gas. Considering accidental releases under semi-confined conditions, a simplified mathematical approach to the maximum allowed gaseous build-up is developed on the basis of the intrinsic hazards of the released compound. The results will help identifying and assessing low rate release consequences therefore to set-up appropriate prevention and control measures. The developed methodology was tested at the real-scale and validated by numerical computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations showing the effectiveness of the methodology to evaluate and mitigate the risk connected to confined hazardous releases.
Keywords: CFD analysis; gas release; hydrogen; mathematical modeling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Palazzi, E.; Currò, F.; Fabiano, B. Accidental Continuous Releases from Coal Processing in Semi-Confined Environment. Energies 2013, 6, 5003-5022.

AMA Style

Palazzi E, Currò F, Fabiano B. Accidental Continuous Releases from Coal Processing in Semi-Confined Environment. Energies. 2013; 6(10):5003-5022.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palazzi, Emilio; Currò, Fabio; Fabiano, Bruno. 2013. "Accidental Continuous Releases from Coal Processing in Semi-Confined Environment." Energies 6, no. 10: 5003-5022.

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