Energies 2013, 6(9), 4394-4417; doi:10.3390/en6094394
Review

Demand Response and Economic Dispatch of Power Systems Considering Large-Scale Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles/Electric Vehicles (PHEVs/EVs): A Review

1 School of Electrical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China 2 China Electric Power Research Institute, Nanjing 210000, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 May 2013; in revised form: 3 August 2013 / Accepted: 6 August 2013 / Published: 26 August 2013
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Abstract: Increasing concerns about global environmental issues have led to the urgent development of green transportation. The enthusiasm of governments should encourage the prosperity of the plug-in hybrid electric vehicles/electric vehicles (PHEVs/EVs) industry in the near future. PHEVs/EVs are not only an alternative to gasoline but are also burgeoning units for power systems. The impact of large-scale PHEVs/EVs on power systems is of profound significance. This paper discusses how to use PHEVs/EVs as a useful new tool for system operation and regulation from a review of recent studies and mainly considers two mainstream methods: demand response and economic dispatch. The potential of using PHEVs/EVs to coordinate renewable energy resources is also discussed in terms of accepting more renewable resources without violating the safety and the reliability of power systems or increasing the operation cost significantly.
Keywords: plug-in hybrid electric vehicles/electric vehicles; demand response; economic dispatch; renewable energy; smart grid

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, W.; Yu, H.; Liu, W.; Zhu, J.; Xu, X. Demand Response and Economic Dispatch of Power Systems Considering Large-Scale Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles/Electric Vehicles (PHEVs/EVs): A Review. Energies 2013, 6, 4394-4417.

AMA Style

Gu W, Yu H, Liu W, Zhu J, Xu X. Demand Response and Economic Dispatch of Power Systems Considering Large-Scale Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles/Electric Vehicles (PHEVs/EVs): A Review. Energies. 2013; 6(9):4394-4417.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gu, Wei; Yu, Haojun; Liu, Wei; Zhu, Junpeng; Xu, Xiaohui. 2013. "Demand Response and Economic Dispatch of Power Systems Considering Large-Scale Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles/Electric Vehicles (PHEVs/EVs): A Review." Energies 6, no. 9: 4394-4417.

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