Energies 2013, 6(8), 4288-4307; doi:10.3390/en6084288
Article

A Dynamic Model for the Normal Impact of Fly Ash Particle with a Planar Surface

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Received: 16 May 2013; in revised form: 3 July 2013 / Accepted: 31 July 2013 / Published: 20 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coal Combustion and Gasification)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The rebound behavior of fly ash particles normally impacting a planar surface is investigated by using a dynamic model. The three forms of soft sphere physical model are obtained using static/quasi-static contact mechanics and energy dissipation theory. The influences of the particle size, the incident velocity of the particle on the damping coefficient and the impact contact time are all examined. We also predict the critical velocity for three particle sizes. It is found that the variation of the damping coefficient (η) with the normal incident velocity (vin) can be roughly divided into the three parts. In the first part, η decreases with increasing vin. In the second part, η is little changed with increasing vin. In the third part, η rapidly increases with increasing vin. For smaller impact velocities, the viscoelastic effect plays a dominant role in the impact process, while for higher incident velocities; the energy dissipation depends mainly on plastic deformation. In addition, the critical velocity shows a distinct dependence on the particle size. Finally, the contact displacement-contact time curves are examined. The work provides a solid basis for the development of a discrete-element-method approach to study ash deposition.
Keywords: ash deposition; energy dissipation; contact; impact; ash particle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dong, M.; Han, J.; Li, S.; Pu, H. A Dynamic Model for the Normal Impact of Fly Ash Particle with a Planar Surface. Energies 2013, 6, 4288-4307.

AMA Style

Dong M, Han J, Li S, Pu H. A Dynamic Model for the Normal Impact of Fly Ash Particle with a Planar Surface. Energies. 2013; 6(8):4288-4307.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dong, Ming; Han, Jian; Li, Sufen; Pu, Hang. 2013. "A Dynamic Model for the Normal Impact of Fly Ash Particle with a Planar Surface." Energies 6, no. 8: 4288-4307.

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