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Use of Anion Exchange Resins for One-Step Processing of Algae from Harvest to Biofuel
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
Section of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 March 2012; in revised form: 5 June 2012 / Accepted: 13 July 2012 / Published: 24 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Algae Fuel
Abstract: Some microalgae are particularly attractive as a renewable feedstock for biodiesel production due to their rapid growth, high content of triacylglycerols, and ability to be grown on non-arable land. Unfortunately, obtaining oil from algae is currently cost prohibitive in part due to the need to pump and process large volumes of dilute algal suspensions. In an effort to circumvent this problem, we have explored the use of anion exchange resins for simplifying the processing of algae to biofuel. Anion exchange resins can bind and accumulate the algal cells out of suspension to form a dewatered concentrate. Treatment of the resin-bound algae with sulfuric acid/methanol elutes the algae and regenerates the resin while converting algal lipids to biodiesel. Hydrophobic polymers can remove biodiesel from the sulfuric acid/methanol, allowing the transesterification reagent to be reused. We show that in situ transesterification of algal lipids can efficiently convert algal lipids to fatty acid methyl esters while allowing the resin and transesterification reagent to be recycled numerous times without loss of effectiveness.
Keywords: algae; biodiesel; biofuels; concentration; dewatering; direct transesterification; harvest
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Jones, J.; Lee, C.-H.; Wang, J.; Poenie, M. Use of Anion Exchange Resins for One-Step Processing of Algae from Harvest to Biofuel. Energies 2012, 5, 2608-2625.
Jones J, Lee C-H, Wang J, Poenie M. Use of Anion Exchange Resins for One-Step Processing of Algae from Harvest to Biofuel. Energies. 2012; 5(7):2608-2625.
Jones, Jessica; Lee, Cheng-Han; Wang, James; Poenie, Martin. 2012. "Use of Anion Exchange Resins for One-Step Processing of Algae from Harvest to Biofuel." Energies 5, no. 7: 2608-2625.