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Energies 2012, 5(8), 2667-2682; doi:10.3390/en5082667
Review

Current Status and Prospects of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae

1,2
, 1,2,3
, 3
 and 1,2,*
1 The State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, China 2 The Engineering Research Center for Biomass Conversion, MOE, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, China 3 Center for Biorefining and Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2012 / Revised: 13 July 2012 / Accepted: 20 July 2012 / Published: 25 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Algae Fuel)
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Abstract

Microalgae represent a sustainable energy source because of their high biomass productivity and ability to remove air and water born pollutants. This paper reviews the current status of production and conversion of microalgae, including the advantages of microalgae biodiesel, high density cultivation of microalgae, high-lipid content microalgae selection and metabolic control, and innovative harvesting and processing technologies. The key barriers to commercial production of microalgae biodiesel and future perspective of the technologies are also discussed.
Keywords: microalgae; biodiesel; high density; high lipid content; processing; advanced technology; sustainability microalgae; biodiesel; high density; high lipid content; processing; advanced technology; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, X.; Ruan, R.; Du, Z.; Liu, Y. Current Status and Prospects of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae. Energies 2012, 5, 2667-2682.

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