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Energies 2017, 10(4), 495; doi:10.3390/en10040495

Semiconductor Devices in Solid-State/Hybrid Circuit Breakers: Current Status and Future Trends

1
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
2
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tom Gregorkiewicz
Received: 16 February 2017 / Revised: 24 March 2017 / Accepted: 4 April 2017 / Published: 6 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Semiconductor Power Devices)

Abstract

Circuit breakers (CBs) are the main protection devices for both alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) power systems, ranging from tens of watts up to megawatts. This paper reviews the current status for solid-state circuit breakers (SSCBs) as well as hybrid circuit breakers (HCBs) with semiconductor power devices. A few novel SSCB and HCB concepts are described in this paper, including advantage and limitation discussions of wide-band-gap (WBG) devices in basic SSCB/HCB configuration by simulation and 360 V/150 A experimental verifications. Novel SSCB/HCB configurations combining ultra-fast switching and high efficiency at normal operation are proposed. Different types of power devices are installed in these circuit breakers to achieve adequate performance. Challenges and future trends of semiconductor power devices in SSCB/HCB with different voltage/power levels and special performance requirements are clarified. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid-state circuit breakers; hybrid circuit breakers; semiconductor devices; protection device solid-state circuit breakers; hybrid circuit breakers; semiconductor devices; protection device
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, C.; Wheeler, P.; Castellazzi, A.; Watson, A.J.; Effah, F. Semiconductor Devices in Solid-State/Hybrid Circuit Breakers: Current Status and Future Trends. Energies 2017, 10, 495.

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