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A correction was published on 14 June 2013, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(6), 2468-2470.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(9), 3085-3100; doi:10.3390/ijerph9093085
Article

Estimation of River Pollution Index in a Tidal Stream Using Kriging Analysis

1
, 2
 and 3,*
Received: 20 June 2012; in revised form: 16 August 2012 / Accepted: 21 August 2012 / Published: 29 August 2012
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Abstract: Tidal streams are complex watercourses that represent a transitional zone between riverine and marine systems; they occur where fresh and marine waters converge. Because tidal circulation processes cause substantial turbulence in these highly dynamic zones, tidal streams are the most productive of water bodies. Their rich biological diversity, combined with the convenience of land and water transports, provide sites for concentrated populations that evolve into large cities. Domestic wastewater is generally discharged directly into tidal streams in Taiwan, necessitating regular evaluation of the water quality of these streams. Given the complex flow dynamics of tidal streams, only a few models can effectively evaluate and identify pollution levels. This study evaluates the river pollution index (RPI) in tidal streams by using kriging analysis. This is a geostatistical method for interpolating random spatial variation to estimate linear grid points in two or three dimensions. A kriging-based method is developed to evaluate RPI in tidal streams, which is typically considered as 1D in hydraulic engineering. The proposed method efficiently evaluates RPI in tidal streams with the minimum amount of water quality data. Data of the Tanshui River downstream reach available from an estuarine area validate the accuracy and reliability of the proposed method. Results of this study demonstrate that this simple yet reliable method can effectively estimate RPI in tidal streams.
Keywords: geostatistics; kriging; river pollution index; tidal stream; water quality geostatistics; kriging; river pollution index; tidal stream; water quality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Y.-C.; Yeh, H.-C.; Wei, C. Estimation of River Pollution Index in a Tidal Stream Using Kriging Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3085-3100.

AMA Style

Chen Y-C, Yeh H-C, Wei C. Estimation of River Pollution Index in a Tidal Stream Using Kriging Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(9):3085-3100.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Yen-Chang; Yeh, Hui-Chung; Wei, Chiang. 2012. "Estimation of River Pollution Index in a Tidal Stream Using Kriging Analysis." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 9: 3085-3100.



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