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Toothaches in the Daily Lives of Brazilian Adults
Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Avenida Presidente Antônio Carlos, 6627 Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais CEP 31270-901, Brazil
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Received: 23 May 2012; in revised form: 5 July 2012 / Accepted: 12 July 2012 / Published: 25 July 2012
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of toothaches and to evaluate its effects on the daily lives of adults living in an industrialised region of southeastern Brazil. A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 744 individuals. The variables related to toothache were grouped into three components: access to dental service, pain severity, and social/functional impacts. The present study found that 68.0% of the subjects had limited access to oral health care, 39.7% presented high toothache severity, and 47.3% reported that toothache greatly affected their daily lives. Nervousness (87.2%) and chewing difficulty (72.6%) were the most commonly reported toothache-related effects. Through correspondence analysis, four groups with separate profiles for toothache and associated factors were identified. Two groups reported greater effects of toothaches in their daily lives. One group consisted of individuals who had less access to dental services (women and individuals who were multiracial, married, had a middle school education, or a low family income). The other group consisted of individuals who reported a high toothache severity and high degree of social/functional impacts (individuals who were 40 to 44 years old, married or widowed, black or multiracial, and had a middle school education). The other two groups were those whose daily lives were less affected by toothaches. One group consisted of individuals who had greater access to dental services (men and individuals who were divorced, had a college degree, or had incomes greater than R$ 300.01). The final group consisted of individuals who had low toothache severity and a low degree of associated social/functional impacts (individuals who were 35 to 39 years old, white, single, or had a high school education).
Keywords: oral health epidemiology; adult; toothache; prevalence; impact; dental public health
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Silva de Pinho, A.M.; Campos, A.C.V.; Ferreira e Ferreira, E.; Vargas, A.M.D. Toothaches in the Daily Lives of Brazilian Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 2587-2600.
Silva de Pinho AM, Campos ACV, Ferreira e Ferreira E, Vargas AMD. Toothaches in the Daily Lives of Brazilian Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(8):2587-2600.
Silva de Pinho, Aline Mendes; Campos, Ana Cristina Viana; Ferreira e Ferreira, Efigênia; Vargas, Andréa Maria Duarte. 2012. "Toothaches in the Daily Lives of Brazilian Adults." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 8: 2587-2600.