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Determinants of Self-Rated Health in a Representative Sample of a Rural Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in Greece
Postgraduate Course Stress Management and Health Promotion, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Soranou Ephessiou Street, 4, 11527 Athens, Greece
Technological Education Institute of Athens, Ag Spyridonos Street, Egaleo, 12210 Athens, Greece
Technological Educational Institute of Messolonghi, 30200 Messolonghi, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 January 2012; in revised form: 12 March 2012 / Accepted: 12 March 2012 / Published: 16 March 2012
Abstract: Self-rated health (SRH) is a health measure related to future health, mortality, healthcare services utilization and quality of life. Various sociodemographic, health and lifestyle determinants of SRH have been identified in different populations. The aim of this study is to extend SRH literature in the Greek population. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in rural communities between 2001 and 2003. Interviews eliciting basic demographic, health-related and lifestyle information (smoking, physical activity, diet, quality of sleep and religiosity) were conducted. The sample consisted of 1,519 participants, representative of the rural population of Tripoli. Multinomial regression analysis was conducted to identify putative SRH determinants. Among the 1,519 participants, 489 (32.2%), 790 (52%) and 237 (15.6%) rated their health as “very good”, “good” and “poor” respectively. Female gender, older age, lower level of education and impaired health were all associated with worse SRH, accounting for 16.6% of SRH variance. Regular exercise, healthier diet, better sleep quality and better adherence to religious habits were related with better health ratings, after adjusting for sociodemographic and health-related factors. BMI and smoking did not reach significance while exercise and physical activity exhibited significant correlations but not consistently across SRH categories. Our results support previous findings indicating that people following a more proactive lifestyle pattern tend to rate their health better. The role of stress-related neuroendocrinologic mechanisms on SRH and health in general is also discussed.
Keywords: self-rated health; determinants; lifestyle; sleep; religiosity; cross-sectional
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Darviri, C.; Fouka, G.; Gnardellis, C.; Artemiadis, A.K.; Tigani, X.; Alexopoulos, E.C. Determinants of Self-Rated Health in a Representative Sample of a Rural Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in Greece. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 943-954.
Darviri C, Fouka G, Gnardellis C, Artemiadis AK, Tigani X, Alexopoulos EC. Determinants of Self-Rated Health in a Representative Sample of a Rural Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in Greece. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(3):943-954.
Darviri, Christina; Fouka, Georgia; Gnardellis, Charalambos; Artemiadis, Artemios K.; Tigani, Xanthi; Alexopoulos, Evangelos C. 2012. "Determinants of Self-Rated Health in a Representative Sample of a Rural Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in Greece." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 3: 943-954.