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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(3), 955-969; doi:10.3390/ijerph9030955
Article

Pattern of Maternal Knowledge and Its Implications for Diarrhoea Control in Southern Malawi: Multilevel Thresholds of Change Analysis

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Received: 10 January 2012; in revised form: 5 March 2012 / Accepted: 7 March 2012 / Published: 16 March 2012
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Abstract: A survey was conducted in Southern Malawi to examine the pattern of mothers’ knowledge on diarrhoea. Diarrhoea morbidity in the district is estimated at 24.4%, statistically higher than the national average at 17%. Using hierarchically built data from a survey, a multilevel threshold of change analysis was used to determine predictors of knowledge about diarrhoeal aetiology, clinical features, and prevention. The results show a strong hierarchical structured pattern in overall maternal knowledge revealing differences between communities. Responsible mothers with primary or secondary school education were more likely to give more correct answers on diarrhoea knowledge than those without any formal education. Responsible mothers from communities without a health surveillance assistant were less likely to give more correct answers. The results show that differences in diarrhoeal knowledge do exist between communities and demonstrate that basic formal education is important in responsible mother’s understanding of diseases. The results also reveal the positive impact health surveillance assistants have in rural communities.
Keywords: responsible mother’s knowledge; pattern of variation; diarrhoea control; multilevel threshold of change; southern-tip of Malawi responsible mother’s knowledge; pattern of variation; diarrhoea control; multilevel threshold of change; southern-tip of Malawi
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Masangwi, S.J.; Grimason, A.M.; Morse, T.D.; Kazembe, L.; Ferguson, N.; Jabu, G.C. Pattern of Maternal Knowledge and Its Implications for Diarrhoea Control in Southern Malawi: Multilevel Thresholds of Change Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 955-969.

AMA Style

Masangwi SJ, Grimason AM, Morse TD, Kazembe L, Ferguson N, Jabu GC. Pattern of Maternal Knowledge and Its Implications for Diarrhoea Control in Southern Malawi: Multilevel Thresholds of Change Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(3):955-969.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Masangwi, Salule Joseph; Grimason, Anthony Martin; Morse, Tracy Dawn; Kazembe, Lawrence; Ferguson, Neil; Jabu, George Christopher. 2012. "Pattern of Maternal Knowledge and Its Implications for Diarrhoea Control in Southern Malawi: Multilevel Thresholds of Change Analysis." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 3: 955-969.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert