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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(3), 916-923; doi:10.3390/ijerph9030916
Article

Relationships of Sun-Protection Habit Strength with Sunscreen Use During Outdoor Sport and Physical Activity

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Received: 25 January 2012; in revised form: 2 March 2012 / Accepted: 5 March 2012 / Published: 15 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sunbathing Habits and Skin Cancer)
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Abstract: The objective of this cross-sectional questionnaire study was to assess associations of a self-report index of sun protection habit strength with sunscreen use in sporting environments and outdoor physical activity. Participants (n = 234) in field hockey, soccer, tennis and surf sports in Queensland, Australia, completed a self-administered survey on sun protection during organized sport, and during general outdoor physical activity during 2005/2006. The sun protection habit strength index was dichotomized into two categories. Multinomial logistic regression analyses assessed the associations of low versus high sun protection habit strength with three categories of sunscreen use (no or rare use; inadequate use; and adequate use). Compared to participants with low sun protection habit strength, those with high sun protection habit strength had significantly greater odds of any sunscreen use during organized sport and during general outdoor physical activity. This association was strongest for adequate sunscreen use in both settings. In conclusion, this study suggests that the measure of sun protection habit strength is a potentially useful assessment tool for future sun protection studies.
Keywords: health behavior; public health practice; sun protection habit strength; outdoor physical activity; sunscreen use health behavior; public health practice; sun protection habit strength; outdoor physical activity; sunscreen use
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lawler, S.; McDermott, L.; O’Riordan, D.; Spathonis, K.; Eakin, E.; Leslie, E.; Gallois, C.; Berndt, N.; Owen, N. Relationships of Sun-Protection Habit Strength with Sunscreen Use During Outdoor Sport and Physical Activity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 916-923.

AMA Style

Lawler S, McDermott L, O’Riordan D, Spathonis K, Eakin E, Leslie E, Gallois C, Berndt N, Owen N. Relationships of Sun-Protection Habit Strength with Sunscreen Use During Outdoor Sport and Physical Activity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(3):916-923.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lawler, Sheleigh; McDermott, Liane; O’Riordan, David; Spathonis, Kym; Eakin, Elizabeth; Leslie, Evie; Gallois, Cindy; Berndt, Nadine; Owen, Neville. 2012. "Relationships of Sun-Protection Habit Strength with Sunscreen Use During Outdoor Sport and Physical Activity." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 3: 916-923.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert