Abstract: The objective of this cross-sectional questionnaire study was to assess associations of a self-report index of sun protection habit strength with sunscreen use in sporting environments and outdoor physical activity. Participants (n = 234) in field hockey, soccer, tennis and surf sports in Queensland, Australia, completed a self-administered survey on sun protection during organized sport, and during general outdoor physical activity during 2005/2006. The sun protection habit strength index was dichotomized into two categories. Multinomial logistic regression analyses assessed the associations of low versus high sun protection habit strength with three categories of sunscreen use (no or rare use; inadequate use; and adequate use). Compared to participants with low sun protection habit strength, those with high sun protection habit strength had significantly greater odds of any sunscreen use during organized sport and during general outdoor physical activity. This association was strongest for adequate sunscreen use in both settings. In conclusion, this study suggests that the measure of sun protection habit strength is a potentially useful assessment tool for future sun protection studies.
Keywords: health behavior; public health practice; sun protection habit strength; outdoor physical activity; sunscreen use
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Lawler, S.; McDermott, L.; O’Riordan, D.; Spathonis, K.; Eakin, E.; Leslie, E.; Gallois, C.; Berndt, N.; Owen, N. Relationships of Sun-Protection Habit Strength with Sunscreen Use During Outdoor Sport and Physical Activity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 916-923.
Lawler S, McDermott L, O’Riordan D, Spathonis K, Eakin E, Leslie E, Gallois C, Berndt N, Owen N. Relationships of Sun-Protection Habit Strength with Sunscreen Use During Outdoor Sport and Physical Activity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(3):916-923.
Lawler, Sheleigh; McDermott, Liane; O’Riordan, David; Spathonis, Kym; Eakin, Elizabeth; Leslie, Evie; Gallois, Cindy; Berndt, Nadine; Owen, Neville. 2012. "Relationships of Sun-Protection Habit Strength with Sunscreen Use During Outdoor Sport and Physical Activity." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 3: 916-923.