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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(1), 33-43; doi:10.3390/ijerph9010033

Migration, Agribusiness and Nutritional Status of Children under Five in Northwest Mexico

1,* , 2
3, 4
1 División de Nutrición, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C., Carretera a La Victoria Km. 0.6, Ejido La Victoria, C.P. 83304, Hermosillo, Sonora, México 2 Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, 1295 N. Martin Ave., P.O. Box 245163, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA 3 Centro de Estudios en Salud y Sociedad, El Colegio de Sonora, Avenida Obregón No. 54 Col. Centro, C.P. 83000, Hermosillo, Sonora, México 4 Escuela de Ciencias de la Comunicación, Universidad de Sonora, Blvd. Luis Encinas y Rosales S/N, Col. Centro, C.P. 83000, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2011 / Revised: 10 December 2011 / Accepted: 20 December 2011 / Published: 28 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Malnutrition and Public Health)
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The aim of this study was to examine the nutritional status of children of Mexican migrant worker families under five years of age within the context of global food markets. The sample included 404 children less than five years old from farms and agricultural communities in northwest Mexico. Prevalence of stunting and underweight of children appeared very similar to that of indigenous children from the national sample survey (difference 0.9 and 1.6 percentage points, respectively). Compared to the national sample of Mexican children, stunting and underweight seemed higher in migrant children (difference 17.7 and 4.5 percentage points, respectively), but wasting, an indicator of both chronic and acute undernutrition, appeared to indicate a process of nutritional recuperation. Migrant children living in poverty and suffering from chronic undernutrition, poor performance and scarce education opportunities, can be expected to eventually become agricultural workers with low productivity and poor general health. Consumer’s demands on social and environmental standards of fresh food production in developed countries could be an opportunity to impact the lives of migrant agricultural workers, their families and communities.
Keywords: children under five; migration; health disparities; Mexico children under five; migration; health disparities; Mexico
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Ortega, M.-I.; Rosales, C.; Zapien, J.G.; Aranda, P.; Castañeda, A.; Saucedo, S.; Montaño, C.; Contreras, A. Migration, Agribusiness and Nutritional Status of Children under Five in Northwest Mexico. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 33-43.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert