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Migration, Agribusiness and Nutritional Status of Children under Five in Northwest Mexico
División de Nutrición, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C., Carretera a La Victoria Km. 0.6, Ejido La Victoria, C.P. 83304, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, 1295 N. Martin Ave., P.O. Box 245163, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
Centro de Estudios en Salud y Sociedad, El Colegio de Sonora, Avenida Obregón No. 54 Col. Centro, C.P. 83000, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
Escuela de Ciencias de la Comunicación, Universidad de Sonora, Blvd. Luis Encinas y Rosales S/N, Col. Centro, C.P. 83000, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2011; in revised form: 10 December 2011 / Accepted: 20 December 2011 / Published: 28 December 2011
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the nutritional status of children of Mexican migrant worker families under five years of age within the context of global food markets. The sample included 404 children less than five years old from farms and agricultural communities in northwest Mexico. Prevalence of stunting and underweight of children appeared very similar to that of indigenous children from the national sample survey (difference 0.9 and 1.6 percentage points, respectively). Compared to the national sample of Mexican children, stunting and underweight seemed higher in migrant children (difference 17.7 and 4.5 percentage points, respectively), but wasting, an indicator of both chronic and acute undernutrition, appeared to indicate a process of nutritional recuperation. Migrant children living in poverty and suffering from chronic undernutrition, poor performance and scarce education opportunities, can be expected to eventually become agricultural workers with low productivity and poor general health. Consumer’s demands on social and environmental standards of fresh food production in developed countries could be an opportunity to impact the lives of migrant agricultural workers, their families and communities.
Keywords: children under five; migration; health disparities; Mexico
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ortega, M.-I.; Rosales, C.; Zapien, J.G.; Aranda, P.; Castañeda, A.; Saucedo, S.; Montaño, C.; Contreras, A. Migration, Agribusiness and Nutritional Status of Children under Five in Northwest Mexico. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 33-43.
Ortega M-I, Rosales C, Zapien JG, Aranda P, Castañeda A, Saucedo S, Montaño C, Contreras A. Migration, Agribusiness and Nutritional Status of Children under Five in Northwest Mexico. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(1):33-43.
Ortega, María-Isabel; Rosales, Cecilia; Zapien, Jill Guernsey de; Aranda, Patricia; Castañeda, Alejandro; Saucedo, Socorro; Montaño, Cecilia; Contreras, Alma. 2012. "Migration, Agribusiness and Nutritional Status of Children under Five in Northwest Mexico." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 1: 33-43.