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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(1), 44-54; doi:10.3390/ijerph9010044

Self-Reported Dental Fear among Dental Students and Their Patients

1
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Presidente Antonio Carlos, 6627-Pampulha, Minas Gerais 31270-901, Brazil
2
Department of Oral Public Health, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Presidente Antonio Carlos, 6627-Pampulha, Minas Gerais 31270-901, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 November 2011 / Revised: 22 December 2011 / Accepted: 22 December 2011 / Published: 29 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare self-reported dental fear among dental students and patients at a School of Dentistry in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Eighty students ranging in age from 20 to 29 years and 80 patients ranging in age from 18 to 65 years participated in the study. A self-administered pre-tested questionnaire consisting of 13 items was used for data acquisition. The city of Belo Horizonte Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) was employed for socioeconomic classification. The chi-square test and binary and multinomial logistic regression were employed in the statistical analysis, with the significance level set at 0.05. The majority of dental students (76.5%) sought the dentist for the first time for a routine exam, while patients (77.3%) mostly sought a dentist for the treatment of dental pain. Dental fear was more prevalent among the patients (72.5%) than the students (27.5%). A total of 47.1% of the students and 52.9% of the patients reported having had negative dental experiences in childhood. The logistic model revealed an association between dental fear and a pain-related experience (OR: 1.8; 95%CI: 1.3–2.6). Patients were more prone to dental fear (OR: 2.2; 95%CI: 1.0–5.0). Although at different percentages, both students and patients experienced dental fear. Current patient with previous experience of dental pain had more dental fear.
Keywords: behavior; fear; pain; undergraduate student; dentistry; epidemiology; health; patients behavior; fear; pain; undergraduate student; dentistry; epidemiology; health; patients
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Serra-Negra, J.; Paiva, S.M.; Oliveira, M.; Ferreira, E.; Freire-Maia, F.; Pordeus, I. Self-Reported Dental Fear among Dental Students and Their Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 44-54.

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