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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(10), 3938-3952; doi:10.3390/ijerph8103938
Review

Internet Pathways in Suicidality: A Review of the Evidence

1,* , 1
, 2
 and 1
Received: 5 September 2011; in revised form: 4 October 2011 / Accepted: 5 October 2011 / Published: 11 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Prevention and Public Health)
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Abstract: The general aim of this study was to review the scientific literature concerning the Internet and suicidality and to examine the different pathways by which suicidal risks and prevention efforts are facilitated through the Internet. An online literature search was conducted using the MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases. The main themes that were investigated included pathological Internet use and suicidality, pro-suicide websites, suicide pacts on the Internet, and suicide prevention via the Internet. Articles were screened based on the titles and abstracts reporting on the themes of interest. Thereafter, articles were selected based on scientific relevance of the study, and included for full text assessment. The results illustrated that specific Internet pathways increased the risk for suicidal behaviours, particularly in adolescents and young people. Several studies found significant correlations between pathological Internet use and suicidal ideation and non-suicidal self-injury. Pro-suicide websites and online suicide pacts were observed as high-risk factors for facilitating suicidal behaviours, particularly among isolated and susceptible individuals. Conversely, the evidence also showed that the Internet could be an effective tool for suicide prevention, especially for socially-isolated and vulnerable individuals, who might otherwise be unreachable. It is this paradox that accentuates the need for further research in this field.
Keywords: Internet use; pathological Internet use; pro-suicide websites; suicide pacts; suicide prevention Internet use; pathological Internet use; pro-suicide websites; suicide pacts; suicide prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Durkee, T.; Hadlaczky, G.; Westerlund, M.; Carli, V. Internet Pathways in Suicidality: A Review of the Evidence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3938-3952.

AMA Style

Durkee T, Hadlaczky G, Westerlund M, Carli V. Internet Pathways in Suicidality: A Review of the Evidence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(10):3938-3952.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Durkee, Tony; Hadlaczky, Gergo; Westerlund, Michael; Carli, Vladimir. 2011. "Internet Pathways in Suicidality: A Review of the Evidence." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 10: 3938-3952.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert