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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(1), 105-116; doi:10.3390/ijerph8010105
Article

The Impact of Nutritional Status and Longitudinal Recovery of Motor and Cognitive Milestones in Internationally Adopted Children

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Received: 1 December 2010; in revised form: 30 December 2010 / Accepted: 6 January 2011 / Published: 10 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Malnutrition and Public Health)
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Abstract: Internationally adopted children often arrive from institutional settings where they have experienced medical, nutritional and psychosocial deprivation. This study uses a validated research assessment tool to prospectively assess the impact of baseline (immediately post adoption) nutritional status on fifty-eight children as measured by weight-for-age, height-for-age, weight-for-height and head circumference-for-age z scores, as a determinant of cognitive (MDI) and psychomotor development (PDI) scores longitudinally. A statistical model was developed to allow for different ages at time of initial assessment as well as variable intervals between follow up visits. The study results show that both acute and chronic measures of malnutrition significantly affect baseline developmental status as well as the rate of improvement in both MDI and PDI scores. This study contributes to the body of literature with its prospective nature, unique statistical model for longitudinal evaluation, and use of a validated assessment tool to assess outcomes.
Keywords: malnutrition; international adoption; cognitive impairment; developmental delay; nutrition malnutrition; international adoption; cognitive impairment; developmental delay; nutrition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, H.; Bothe, D.; Holsinger, E.; Kirchner, H.L.; Olness, K.; Mandalakas, A. The Impact of Nutritional Status and Longitudinal Recovery of Motor and Cognitive Milestones in Internationally Adopted Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 105-116.

AMA Style

Park H, Bothe D, Holsinger E, Kirchner HL, Olness K, Mandalakas A. The Impact of Nutritional Status and Longitudinal Recovery of Motor and Cognitive Milestones in Internationally Adopted Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(1):105-116.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Hyun; Bothe, Denise; Holsinger, Eva; Kirchner, H. Lester; Olness, Karen; Mandalakas, Anna. 2011. "The Impact of Nutritional Status and Longitudinal Recovery of Motor and Cognitive Milestones in Internationally Adopted Children." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 1: 105-116.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert