Next Article in Journal
Attractive "Quiet" Courtyards: A Potential Modifier of Urban Residents' Responses to Road Traffic Noise?
Next Article in Special Issue
Acetaldehyde Removal from Indoor Air through Chemical Absorption Using L-Cysteine
Previous Article in Journal
An Examination of the Association of Selected Toxic Metals with Total and Central Obesity Indices: NHANES 99-02
Previous Article in Special Issue
Do Questions Reflecting Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure from a Questionnaire Predict Direct Measure of Exposure in Owner-Occupied Houses?
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(9), 3348-3358; doi:10.3390/ijerph7093348

Modified Perfluorocarbon Tracer Method for Measuring Effective Multizone Air Exchange Rates

1,* , 2
1 Research Institute of Science for Safety and Sustainability (RISS), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 16-1 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8569, Japan 2 The Chemicals Evaluation and Research Institute, Japan (CERI), 1600 Shimotakano, Sugito-machi, Kitakatsushika-gun, Saitama 345-0043, Japan 3 Hitachi Chemical Co., Ltd., 13-1, Higashi-cho 4-chome, Hitachi-shi, Ibaraki 317-8555, Japan 4 Sigma-Aldrich Japan K.K., 2-2-24, Higashi-Shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 140-0002, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 July 2010 / Revised: 9 August 2010 / Accepted: 23 August 2010 / Published: 27 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Air Pollution and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [232 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  


A modified procedure was developed for the measurement of the effective air exchange rate, which represents the relationship between the pollutants emitted from indoor sources and the residents’ level of exposure, by placing the dosers of tracer gas at locations that resemble indoor emission sources. To measure the 24-h-average effective air exchange rates in future surveys based on this procedure, a low-cost, easy-to-use perfluorocarbon tracer (PFT) doser with a stable dosing rate was developed by using double glass vials, a needle, a polyethylene-sintered filter, and a diffusion tube. Carbon molecular sieve cartridges and carbon disulfide (CS2) were used for passive sampling and extraction of the tracer gas, respectively. Recovery efficiencies, sampling rates, and lower detection limits for 24-h sampling of hexafluorobenzene, octafluorotoluene, and perfluoroallylbenzene were 40% ± 3%, 72% ± 5%, and 84% ± 6%; 10.5 ± 1.1, 14.4 ± 1.4, and 12.2 ± 0.49 mL min−1; and 0.20, 0.17, and 0.26 μg m–3, respectively.
Keywords: air exchange rate; 24-h average; PFT method; multizone; solvent extraction air exchange rate; 24-h average; PFT method; multizone; solvent extraction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Shinohara, N.; Kataoka, T.; Takamine, K.; Butsugan, M.; Nishijima, H.; Gamo, M. Modified Perfluorocarbon Tracer Method for Measuring Effective Multizone Air Exchange Rates. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3348-3358.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert