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The Changing Disease-Scape in the Third Epidemiological Transition
Robert Wood Johnson Health & Society Scholar Program, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30309, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2009; Accepted: 16 February 2010 / Published: 24 February 2010
Abstract: The epidemiological transition model describes the changing relationship between humans and their diseases. The first transition occurred with the shift to agriculture about 10,000 YBP, resulting in a pattern of infectious and nutritional diseases still evident today. In the last two centuries, some populations have undergone a second transition, characterized by a decline in infectious disease and rise in degenerative disease. We are now in the throes of a third epidemiological transition, in which a resurgence of familiar infections is accompanied by an array of novel diseases, all of which have the potential to spread rapidly due to globalization.
Keywords: epidemiological transition; globalization; infectious disease; degenerative disease
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Harper, K.; Armelagos, G. The Changing Disease-Scape in the Third Epidemiological Transition. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 675-697.
Harper K, Armelagos G. The Changing Disease-Scape in the Third Epidemiological Transition. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(2):675-697.
Harper, Kristin; Armelagos, George. 2010. "The Changing Disease-Scape in the Third Epidemiological Transition." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 2: 675-697.