Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(10), 3595-3614; doi:10.3390/ijerph7103596
Article

Health Risk-Based Assessment and Management of Heavy Metals-Contaminated Soil Sites in Taiwan

1
, 2
, 2
, 1
, 3
 and 4,*
Received: 17 August 2010; in revised form: 31 August 2010 / Accepted: 27 September 2010 / Published: 11 October 2010
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [213 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: Risk-based assessment is a way to evaluate the potential hazards of contaminated sites and is based on considering linkages between pollution sources, pathways, and receptors. These linkages can be broken by source reduction, pathway management, and modifying exposure of the receptors. In Taiwan, the Soil and Groundwater Pollution Remediation Act (SGWPR Act) uses one target regulation to evaluate the contamination status of soil and groundwater pollution. More than 600 sites contaminated with heavy metals (HMs) have been remediated and the costs of this process are always high. Besides using soil remediation techniques to remove contaminants from these sites, the selection of possible remediation methods to obtain rapid risk reduction is permissible and of increasing interest. This paper discusses previous soil remediation techniques applied to different sites in Taiwan and also clarified the differences of risk assessment before and after soil remediation obtained by applying different risk assessment models. This paper also includes many case studies on: (1) food safety risk assessment for brown rice growing in a HMs-contaminated site; (2) a tiered approach to health risk assessment for a contaminated site; (3) risk assessment for phytoremediation techniques applied in HMs-contaminated sites; and (4) soil remediation cost analysis for contaminated sites in Taiwan.
Keywords: risk-based assessment; heavy metal; soil remediation techniques; food safety risk; phytoremediation risk-based assessment; heavy metal; soil remediation techniques; food safety risk; phytoremediation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lai, H.-Y.; Hseu, Z.-Y.; Chen, T.-C.; Chen, B.-C.; Guo, H.-Y.; Chen, Z.-S. Health Risk-Based Assessment and Management of Heavy Metals-Contaminated Soil Sites in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3595-3614.

AMA Style

Lai H-Y, Hseu Z-Y, Chen T-C, Chen B-C, Guo H-Y, Chen Z-S. Health Risk-Based Assessment and Management of Heavy Metals-Contaminated Soil Sites in Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(10):3595-3614.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lai, Hung-Yu; Hseu, Zeng-Yei; Chen, Ting-Chien; Chen, Bo-Ching; Guo, Horng-Yuh; Chen, Zueng-Sang. 2010. "Health Risk-Based Assessment and Management of Heavy Metals-Contaminated Soil Sites in Taiwan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 10: 3595-3614.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert