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Chronic Disease Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Whose Business Is It?
Institute of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, Petersplatz 1, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland
Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Division of International and Humanitarian Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences biomédicales, University of Yaoundé I, B.P. 337 Yaoundé, Cameroon
Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2009; Accepted: 10 August 2009 / Published: 14 August 2009
Abstract: Public health specialists and clinicians alike agree that Humanity faces a global pandemic of chronic diseases in the 21st century. In this article we discuss the implications of this pandemic on another global issue, the health workforce. Because both issues are particularly acute in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), we will focus on this region and use Cameroon as a case in point. We first gauge the epidemic of chronic conditions in SSA. We then discuss the implications of chronic conditions for the reshaping of health systems and the health workforce. We conclude by making a strong case for the building up and strengthening the health workforce, insisting on the crucial role of nurses, their training, and involvement in chronic disease management.
Keywords: nursing; chronic disease management; Sub-Saharan Africa; public health
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Bischoff, A.; Ekoe, T.; Perone, N.; Slama, S.; Loutan, L. Chronic Disease Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Whose Business Is It? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2258-2270.
Bischoff A, Ekoe T, Perone N, Slama S, Loutan L. Chronic Disease Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Whose Business Is It? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(8):2258-2270.
Bischoff, Alexander; Ekoe, Tetanye; Perone, Nicolas; Slama, Slim; Loutan, Louis. 2009. "Chronic Disease Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Whose Business Is It?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 8: 2258-2270.